Cultural adaptation and Northern Sotho translation of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers

South African Journal of Childhood Education

Field Value
Title Cultural adaptation and Northern Sotho translation of the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers
Creator Vorster, Carlien Kritzinger, Alta Lekganyane, Matemane Taljard, Elsabe van der Linde, Jeannie
Subject — autism screening test; cultural adaptation; test translation; Northern Sotho M-CHAT-R/FTM; South Africa; double translation method; test equivalence
Description Background: In recent reviews of autism spectrum disorder screening tools, the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up (M-CHAT-R/FTM) has been recommended for use in lower middle-income countries to promote earlier identification.Aim: The study aim was to culturally adapt and translate the M-CHAT-R/FTM into Northern Sotho, a South African language.Setting: An expert panel was purposively selected for the review and focus group discussion that was conducted within an academic context.Method: The source translation (English) was reviewed by bilingual Northern Sotho-English speech-language therapists who made recommendations for cultural adaptation. A double translation method was used, followed by a multidisciplinary expert panel discussion and a self-completed questionnaire.Results: Holistic review of test, additional remarks and grammar and phrasing were identified as the most prominent themes of the panel discussion, emphasising the equivalence of the target translation.Conclusion: A South African culturally adapted English version of the M-CHAT-R/FTM is now available along with the preliminary Northern Sotho version of the M-CHAT-R/FTM. The two versions can now be confirmed by gathering empirical evidence of reliability and validity.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2022-01-13
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajce.v12i1.968
Source South African Journal of Childhood Education; Vol 12, No 1 (2022); 10 pages 2223-7682 2223-7674
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Carlien Vorster, Alta Kritzinger, Matemane Lekganyane, Elsabe Taljard, Jeannie van der Linde