Longitudinal effects of stunting and wasting on academic performance of primary school boys: The North-West Child-Health-Integrated-Learning and Development study

South African Journal of Childhood Education


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Longitudinal effects of stunting and wasting on academic performance of primary school boys: The North-West Child-Health-Integrated-Learning and Development study
 
Creator Coetzee, Dané du Plessis, Wilmarié van Staden, Deidré
 
Subject Education; Health academic performance; boys; primary school; stunting; wasting
Description Background: A worldwide occurrence like stunting and wasting affects both children’s health and academic performance.Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of stunting and wasting on academic performance amongst primary school boys over a period of 7 years (2010–2016) in the North West Province of South Africa.Methods: The study forms part of a longitudinal research design, the North-West Child-Health-Integrated-Learning and Development (NW-CHILD) study, stretched over a period of 7 years from 2010 to 2016. Baseline measurements and two follow-up measurements of boys (n = 181) formed part of this study. Two-way frequency tables and Analyses of variance (ANOVA) tests were used to analyse the data (p ≤ 0.05).Setting: The study was conducted in the North West Province of South Africa.Results: The prevalence of stunting (3.32% – 6.63%) and wasting (3.86% – 6.63%) increased each year from 2010 to 2016. Language, mathematics and overall average academic scores were affected statistically by stunting and wasting (p ≤ 0.05). Over a period of 7 years (overall), it was found that stunting and wasting influenced academic performance, especially concerning language and mathematic subjects.Conclusion: Stunted and wasted primary school boys in the North West Province of South Africa reported a strong negative association with academic performance, especially language and mathematic subjects. Limited data are available concerning stunting, wasting and academic performance, and further studies are therefore recommended to strengthen and support the findings of this study with regard to a better understanding of the effect.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor National Research Foundation (NRF) Medical Research Council of South Africa (MRC) Sugar Association of South Africa (SASA)
Date 2020-12-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Longitudinal design
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajce.v10i1.863
 
Source South African Journal of Childhood Education; Vol 10, No 1 (2020); 9 pages 2223-7682 2223-7674
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sajce.co.za/index.php/sajce/article/view/863/1654 https://sajce.co.za/index.php/sajce/article/view/863/1653 https://sajce.co.za/index.php/sajce/article/view/863/1655 https://sajce.co.za/index.php/sajce/article/view/863/1652
 
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Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Dané Coetzee, Wilmarié du Plessis, Deidré van Staden https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0