Contextualising school readiness in South Africa: Stakeholders’ perspectives

South African Journal of Childhood Education

Field Value
Title Contextualising school readiness in South Africa: Stakeholders’ perspectives
Creator Munnik, Erica Smith, Mario
Subject psychology; education school readiness; stakeholder perspectives; factors; qualitative study; contextual understanding; caregivers; educators; professionals; ecological framework; South Africa
Description Background: Preparing children for mainstream school occurs in systems that act as an overarching context. The perspectives of stakeholders influence how they prepare children for mainstream education.Aim: The aim of this study was to develop an understanding of the contextual factors that affect school readiness as identified by stakeholders. School readiness was conceptualised as a function of contextual influences and connections between individual and systemic factors enabling the child to benefit from the curriculum.Setting: This exploratory study was conducted in the Metro North Education District in Cape Town.Methods: Five focus group interviews were conducted with a snowball sample of 35 stakeholders including parents (n = 9) and professionals from education (n = 17) and health (n = 9) systems. Transcriptions were thematically analysed. Resultant themes were summarised to reflect stakeholders’ perceptions.Results: The results showed four major groups of factors that affect school readiness: community, adverse experiences, educational and familial factors. Firstly, community factors thematically identified were unemployment, socio-economic status (SES) and culture as impacting school readiness. Secondly, adverse experiences included violence, trauma and substance abuse that affect school readiness. Thirdly, educational factors identified are lack of stimulation, barriers to learning, teacher support and cooperation between stakeholders that influence readiness. Fourthly, familial factors such as parental support, variation in child-rearing practices and caregiver literacy exert influence on school readiness.Conclusion: Acknowledgement of and engagement with the above-mentioned four factors could result in a nuanced and contextual understanding of school readiness and might foster cooperation between stakeholders.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Prof Mario Smith NRF Thutuka and Phd completion track.
Date 2019-10-31
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Exploratory research, qualitative methods, focus group, interviews
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajce.v9i1.680
Source South African Journal of Childhood Education; Vol 9, No 1 (2019); 13 pages 2223-7682 2223-7674
Language eng
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Coverage — — Caregivers, Professionals, Educators
Rights Copyright (c) 2019 Erica Munnik, Mario Smith