Factors influencing implementation of simulation in nursing and midwifery training in Malawi

Health SA Gesondheid

Field Value
Title Factors influencing implementation of simulation in nursing and midwifery training in Malawi
Creator Mwalabu, Gertrude Msosa, Annie Tjoflåt, Ingrid Risa, Christina F. Mapulanga, Patrick Bø, Bodil Urstad, Kristin H. Msiska, Masauko
Subject — simulation; nursing; midwifery; education; educators; clinical teaching; Malawi
Description Background: The study explored factors influencing implementation of simulation-based education (SBE) in nursing and midwifery education in Malawi.Aim: This study aimed to identify factors influencing nursing and midwifery educators in selected training institutions and clinical sites.Setting: The study covered one district and four central hospitals, five professional training institutions, Ministry of Health and Nurses and Midwives Council of Malawi officials.Methods: Using mixed-methods approach, quantitative data were gathered from 293 participants, including 149 final-year nursing and midwifery students, and 144 clinical instructors. Qualitative data were obtained from 24 faculty members, 11 clinical instructors and two key informants. Researchers conducted 37 in-depth interviews, 10 focus group discussions and eight desk reviews. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the quantitative data, while content analysis was used for qualitative findings.Results: Five themes emerged from qualitative data: absence of simulation in regulatory body syllabi, insufficient formal training, demand for knowledgeable clinical instructors, inadequate human and material resources, and resistance to change. Survey results indicated that 83% of the participants had theoretical SBE knowledge but lacked practical skills, with only 13% considering SBE as a current teaching method. Educators emphasised lack of infrastructure, skills laboratories, teaching hospitals, equipment, and a deficit in formal training as critical barriers to SBE implementation.Conclusion: The study concluded that skilled educators, appropriate infrastructure and resources could facilitate SBE implementation in Malawi.Contribution: Recommendations included regulatory body support, formal training for educators, utilisation of low-fidelity simulators, and establishment of SBE centres and corners in health facilities.
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
Contributor NORHED II, the Norwegian Program for Capacity Development in Higher Education, and Research for Development
Date 2024-05-15
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/hsag.v29i0.2422
Source Health SA Gesondheid; Vol 29 (2024); 16 pages 2071-9736 1025-9848
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Gertrude Mwalabu, Annie Msosa, Ingrid Tjoflåt, Christina F. Risa, Patrick Mapulanga, Bodil Bø, Kristin H. Urstad, Masauko Msiska https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0