Use of posturography in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A systematic review

South African Journal of Physiotherapy

Field Value
Title Use of posturography in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: A systematic review
Creator Silva, Caroline F.O. Obara, Karen Paixão, Luana Santos, Eduarda H. Santos, Amanda I.Z. Cardoso, Jefferson R.
Subject Biomechanics; Postural Control; Ankylosing Spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis; postural control; force platform; biomechanics; spondyloarthropathy.
Description Background: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is characterised as a chronic inflammatory disease of the axial skeleton. The force platform is an option for performing the postural assessment of these individuals.Objectives: To review and evaluate the behaviour of the centre of pressure (CoP) variables during the postural control examination in patients with AS compared to a control group.Method: A systematic review, registered in PROSPERO, that followed the PRISMA Statement. A search was carried out in the following databases: Medline, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, and Scielo, from 1945 to 2023. Studies were selected that aimed to understand the use of the force platform for the assessment of postural control. The risk of bias assessment was performed using the AXIS tool.Results: Five studies were included, with a total of 247 participants. The assessment of risk of bias presented high scores in the AXIS tool. Patients with a diagnosis of AS presented increased thoracic kyphosis in most of the studies, as well as large displacements in the anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) directions, and altered total mean velocity (TMV) and frequency, indicating worse postural stability. Regarding the functional status, the most used questionnaires were the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI) and Bath Ankylosing Disease Activity Index (BASDAI).Conclusion: Patients with ankylosing spondylitis present postural instability, verified by means of higher values of centre of posture variables.Clinical implications: Individuals with ankylosing spondylitis presented postural instability and balance deficit. Therefore, exercises for balance training and postural control are essential in the clinical management of these patients.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor CNPq and CAPES
Date 2024-05-14
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Systematic Review
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajp.v80i1.1953
Source South African Journal of Physiotherapy; Vol 80, No 1 (2024); 7 pages 2410-8219 0379-6175
Language eng
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Coverage — Ankylosing spondylitis Adults; Both sex
Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Caroline F.O. Silva, Karen Obara, Luana Paixão, Eduarda H. Santos, Amanda I.Z. Santos, Jefferson R. Cardoso