Long-term benzodiazepine prescriptions in community psychiatry clinics

South African Journal of Psychiatry

Field Value
Title Long-term benzodiazepine prescriptions in community psychiatry clinics
Creator Tau, Machipi A. Moosa, Mohamed Y.H. Jeenah, Fatima Y.
Subject Psychiatry long-term; benzodiazepines; prescriptions; community psychiatry; diagnosis; comorbidities.
Description Background: Anecdotal evidence indicates that the prevalence of long-term benzodiazepine prescription is high and not in accordance with accepted prescribing guidelines.Aim: To determine the prevalence of long-term prescriptions of benzodiazepines and associations thereof in community psychiatry clinics.Setting: Of the 27 community psychiatry clinics, 5 were randomly selected.Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, and cross-sectional record review of files of 126 adult patients was conducted, to obtain sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Descriptive statistics were presented as proportions and percentages. Fisher’s exact test was used to determine any associations between long-term benzodiazepines use and demographic and clinical variables. Regression analyses were performed to determine the significance of any such associations.Results: Approximately one out of every four patients were prescribed benzodiazepines. Most of the patients were males aged between 18 and 50 years, single and unemployed. The most common psychiatric diagnoses were bipolar disorders and psychotic disorders, and the majority had no comorbid medical illnesses or substance use. Ninety-three per cent of the patients were prescribed long-term (more than 180 days) benzodiazepines. There were no statistically significant associations between prescribing patterns and any sociodemographic and clinical characteristics (p  0.05).Conclusion: This study found that nearly all the benzodiazepine prescriptions were long-term (over 180 days) and no statistically significant associations between this practice and any sociodemographic and clinical characteristics could be established.Contribution: There is high prevalence rate of long-term benzodiazepine prescription in community psychiatry clinics, and as such clinical monitoring systems need to be established and enforced.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor The Johannesburg Metro district psychiatry clinics
Date 2024-05-03
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Descriptive; retrospective and cross sectional record review
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v30i0.2181
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 30 (2024); 8 pages 2078-6786 1608-9685
Language eng
The following web links (URLs) may trigger a file download or direct you to an alternative webpage to gain access to a publication file format of the published article:

https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/2181/3413 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/2181/3414 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/2181/3416 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/2181/3417
Coverage South Africa; Gauteng; Johannesburg Metro District 1 January to 30 June 2019 Adults patients above 18 years
Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Machipi A. Tau, Mohamed Y.H. Moosa, Fatima Y. Jeenah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0