Determinants of antiretroviral therapy adherence among transgender women in South Africa

South African Family Practice

Field Value
Title Determinants of antiretroviral therapy adherence among transgender women in South Africa
Creator van der Merwe, Leonashia Leigh-Ann Moyo, Idah Mavhandu-Mudzusi, Azwihangwisi H.
Subject — ART adherence; determinants; HIV; continuity in treatment; transgender women
Description Background: Transgender women bear a huge burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in South Africa. However, they are not fully engaged in healthcare across the HIV continuum of care. In addition, transgender women face multiple facets of stigma and discrimination as well as socio-economic inequalities, which all have a negative impact on antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence.Objective: The study aimed at exploring and describing the experiences of ART adherence of transgender women living with HIV in the Buffalo City Metro Municipality.Methods: The study employed an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) design. Twelve participants were enrolled using a snowballing sampling technique. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and analysed using an IPA framework.Results: While exploring determinants to ART adherence among transgender women living with HIV in Buffalo City Metro, two superordinate themes emerged: enablers to ART adherence and psychosocial factors promoting adherence. The study found that factors such as differentiated ART service delivery, ARV medicines-related factors, motivators for taking treatment and support systems facilitated ART adherence.Conclusion: Emerging from this study is the need to scale up differentiated, person-centred ART service deliveries that will enhance access and adherence to treatment for transgender women.Contribution: This study provides unique insights on factors enhancing ART adherence among transgender women. There is a paucity of literature on access to HIV care services for key and vulnerable populations, and these findings will be shared in the country and in the region.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2024-04-29
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/safp.v66i1.5869
Source South African Family Practice; Vol 66, No 1 (2024): Part 2; 8 pages 2078-6204 2078-6190
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Leonashia Leigh-Ann van der Merwe, Idah Moyo, Azwihangwisi H. Mavhandu-Mudzusi