Determinants of scabies outbreak in Takusa district of Amhara Region, Northwest Ethiopia

Journal of Public Health in Africa

Field Value
Title Determinants of scabies outbreak in Takusa district of Amhara Region, Northwest Ethiopia
Creator Worku, Etsehiwot D. Asemahagn, Mulusew A. Endalifer, Melese L.
Subject — determinant factors; Ethiopia; Scabies; outbreak; Takusa district
Description Background: Human scabies is a highly contagious human dermatitis disease. As indicated by the national and regional reports, the epidemic of scabies became a major public health problem in Ethiopia since 2015. Objective: To identify the determinant factors of scabies outbreak in Takusa district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017.Methods: A community based unmatched case-control study among 188 participants (63 cases and 125 controls) was conducted in Takusa district from September to October 2017. Data were collected using a pretested structured questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was computed using SPSS version 22 to identify factors associated with scabies. Odds ratio at 95% CI and p-value less than 0.05 were used to describe the strength of the association and statistical significance.Results: The median age of cases was 20 years (ranges1-61). Presence of person with itching in the family (AOR=7.7, 95% CI:1.9-30.5), sleeping with scabies patient (AOR=3.99, 95% CI:1.37-11.7), travel to scabies epidemic area in the last six weeks (AOR=3.79, 95%CI:1.28-11.1) and infrequent use of detergent for showering (AOR=4.85; 95% CI: 1.3-17.9)) were found to be determinant factors of scabies outbreak.Conclusion: Frequent contact with people who develop scabies at home, not using detergents for washing, and mobility of people from non-epidemic to the epidemic areas were determinant factors. Giving special emphasis on regular awareness creation to the rural community is important to prevent scabies outbreak.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2020-12-31
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4081/jphia.2020.1303
Source Journal of Public Health in Africa; Vol 11, No 2 (2020); 5 2038-9930 2038-9922
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Etsehiwot D. Worku, Mulusew A. Asemahagn, Melese L. Endalifer