Evaluation of convergence, accommodation and fusional vergence in pre-presbyopes with asthenopia

African Vision and Eye Health

Field Value
Title Evaluation of convergence, accommodation and fusional vergence in pre-presbyopes with asthenopia
Creator Alrasheed, Saif H. Aljohani, Saeed
Subject Optometry presbyopia; accommodation anomalies; symptoms; insufficiency; fusional vergence; esophoria.
Description Background: Pre-presbyopes may suffer from ocular symptoms such as asthenopia of near work.Aim: This study aimed to evaluate near points of convergence, amplitudes of accommodation, and fusional vergence among pre-presbyopes with asthenopia symptoms.Setting: The study was conducted at El-Walidain Eye Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan in 2022.Methods: The study was a hospital-based prospective, including 107 pre-presbyopes aged 35–40 years who complained of asthenopia symptoms. Clinical examinations included an assessment of amplitude of accommodation, near point of convergence and fusional vergence.Results: The findings showed receded in near points of convergence and a decrease in the accommodation was highly significantly associated with increased age among emerging presbyopes with asthenopia symptoms (p = 0.0001). Conversely, positive and negative fusional vergence amplitudes were not significantly correlated with age with p = 0.109 and p = 0.355, respectively. Positive and negative fusional amplitudes were not significantly different between males and females (p ˃ 0.05). Esophoria was more common in pre-presbyopia 62 (57.4%) and exophoria 45 (43.6) with p = 0.503.Conclusion: The pre-presbyopes presented with low accommodation amplitude and receded near point of convergence, but without significant changes in positive and negative fusional vergence amplitudes.Contribution: This study added by demonstrating how early presbyopia altered accommodation amplitude and near point of convergence significantly while having no significant impact on amplitudes of positive and negative fusional vergence.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2024-04-16
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v83i1.863
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 83, No 1 (2024); 6 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
Language eng
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https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/863/2368 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/863/2369 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/863/2370 https://avehjournal.org/index.php/aveh/article/view/863/2371
Coverage Sudan 2022 35-40 years
Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Saif H. Alrasheed, Saeed Aljohani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0