Places Nigerians visited during COVID-19 government stay-home policy: evidence from secondary analysis of data collected during the lockdown

Journal of Public Health in Africa

Field Value
Title Places Nigerians visited during COVID-19 government stay-home policy: evidence from secondary analysis of data collected during the lockdown
Creator Olatunji, David I. Okusanya, Babasola O. Ebenso, Bassey Usuwa, Sophia I. Akeju, David Adejoh, Samuel Ochu, Chinwe L. Onoja, Michael A. Okediran, James O. Nwiyi, Gloria O. Yahya, Disu Eziechina, Sunday Igumbor, Ehimario
Subject — COVID-19 stay-home policy; lockdown; COVID-19 mobility; physical distancing
Description Introduction: Compliance with the Government’s lockdown policy is required to curtail community transmission of Covid-19 infection. The objective of this research was to identify places Nigerians visited during the lockdown to help prepare for a response towards future infectious diseases of public health importance similar to Covid-19. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of unconventional data collected using Google Forms and online social media platforms during the COVID-19 lockdown between April and June 2020 in Nigeria. Two datasets from: i) partnership for evidence-based response to COVID-19 (PERC) wave-1 and ii) College of Medicine, University of Lagos perception of and compliance with physical distancing survey (PCSH) were used. Data on places that people visited during the lockdown were extracted and compared with the sociodemographic characteristics of the respondents. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all independent variables and focused on frequencies and percentages. Chi-squared test was used to determine the significance between sociodemographic variables and places visited during the lockdown. Statistical significance was determined by P0.05. All statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS version 22. Results: There were 1304 and 879 participants in the PERC wave-1 and PCSH datasets, respectively. The mean age of PERC wave-1 and PCSH survey respondents was 31.8 [standard deviation (SD)=8.5] and 33.1 (SD=8.3) years, respectively. In the PCSH survey, 55.9% and 44.1% of respondents lived in locations with partial and complete covid-19 lockdowns, respectively. Irrespective of the type of lockdown, the most common place visited during the lockdown was the market (shopping); reported by 73% of respondents in states with partial lockdown and by 68% of respondents in states with the complete lockdown. Visits to families and friends happened more in states with complete (16.1%) than in states with partial (8.4%) lockdowns.Conclusions: Markets (shopping) were the main places visited during the lockdown compared to visiting friends/family, places of worship, gyms, and workplaces. It is important in the future for the Government to plan how citizens can safely access markets and get other household items during lockdowns for better adherence to stay-at-home directives for future infectious disease epidemics.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2023-03-31
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4081/jphia.2023.2244
Source Journal of Public Health in Africa; Vol 14, No 3 (2023); 7 2038-9930 2038-9922
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 David I. Olatunji, Babasola O. Okusanya, Bassey Ebenso, Sophia I. Usuwa, David Akeju, Samuel Adejoh, Chinwe L. Ochu, Michael A. Onoja, James O. Okediran, Gloria O. Nwiyi, Disu Yahya, Sunday Eziechina, Ehimario Igumbor