Trend and enhanced surveillance of Monkeypox during COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria

Journal of Public Health in Africa

Field Value
Title Trend and enhanced surveillance of Monkeypox during COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria
Creator Amao, Lateefat K. Olatunji, David I. Igbodo, Gordon Okoli, Solomon C. Amaechi, Ifeanyichukwu Goni, Muhammad I. Ehiakhamen, Odianosen Aderinola, Olaolu Ogunleye, Adesola Ogunbode, Oladipo Adeleye, Adesola Arowolo, Tajudeen Suleman, Kabiru Hassan, Abubakar Yelwa, Mohammed U, Inam, Nsikak Akinpelu, Afolabi Muhammad, Fahad Jinadu, Kola Onoh, Ikenna Akinrogbe, Jessica Ilori, Elsie Biobelu, Abaye Richard, Ikwuogu Nwadiuto, Ifeoma Diemebonso, Oyaba Nwakaego, Ogbue Owhodar, Emmanuel Oladejo, John Okpokoro, Evaezi Ihekweazu, Chikwe
Subject — Monkeypox; COVID-19; zoonosis; enhanced surveillance; Nigeria
Description Monkeypox (MPX) is a viral zoonosis with lesions like smallpox. Though rare in Nigeria, sporadic outbreaks have been reported in 17 states since September 2017. Unfortunately, the COVID-19 pandemic has further reduced surveillance and reporting of MPX disease. This study seeks to assess the effect of an enhanced surveillance approach to detect MPX cases and measure the cumulative incidence of MPX in priority states in Nigeria. We identified three priority states (Rivers, Delta and Bayelsa) and their Local Government Areas (LGAs) based on previous disease incidence. We also identified, trained, and incentivized community volunteers to conduct active case searches over three months (January to March 2021). We supported case investigation of suspected cases and followed up on cases in addition to routine active surveillance for MPX in health facilities and communities. Weekly and monthly follow-up was carried out during the same period. Out of the three states, 30 hotspots LGAs out of the 56 LGAs (54%) were engaged for enhanced surveillance. We trained three state supervisors, 30 LGA surveillance facilitators and 600 Community informants across the three priority states. Overall, twenty-five (25) suspected cases of MPX were identified. Out of these, three (12%) were confirmed as positive. Enhanced surveillance improved reporting of MPX diseases in hotspots LGAs across the priority states. Extension of this surveillance approach alongside tailored technical support is critical intra and post-pandemic.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2022-05-24
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Source Journal of Public Health in Africa; Vol 13, No 1 (2022); 6 2038-9930 2038-9922
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Lateefat K. Amao, David I. Olatunji, Gordon Igbodo, Solomon C. Okoli, Ifeanyichukwu Amaechi, Muhammad I. Goni, Odianosen Ehiakhamen, Olaolu Aderinola, Adesola Ogunleye, Oladipo Ogunbode, Adesola Adeleye, Tajudeen Arowolo, Kabiru Suleman, Abubakar Hassan, Mohammed U, Yelwa, Nsikak Inam, Afolabi Akinpelu, Fahad Muhammad, Kola Jinadu, Ikenna Onoh, Jessica Akinrogbe, Elsie Ilori, Abaye Biobelu, Ikwuogu Richard, Ifeoma Nwadiuto, Oyaba Diemebonso, Ogbue Nwakaego, Emmanuel Owhodar, John Oladejo, Evaezi Okpokoro, Chikwe Ihekweazu