Chronic diseases of lifestyle risk factor profiles of a South African rural community

Journal of Public Health in Africa

Field Value
Title Chronic diseases of lifestyle risk factor profiles of a South African rural community
Creator Akindele, Mukadas O, Useh, Ushotanefe
Subject — lifestyle diseases; hypertension; tobacco smoking; diabetes; obesity
Description Globally, chronic diseases of lifestyle account for millions of dollars spent annually on health. These diseases share similar risk factors including: physical inactivity, obesity, cigarette smoking, and hypertension among others. This study sought to assess risk factors for chronic diseases of lifestyle of a rural community in South Africa. This study used a survey design with data randomly collected using the WHO STEPS Instrument for Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance from participants who attended routine checks from February to October 2018 from a trained healthcare practitioner. Informed consent was sought from all participants before the administration of the instrument. The research setting was the community Primary Health Center. About 54.0% of participants presented with no family history of hypertension but 19.7% had a family history of type II diabetes mellitus. More women were found to be hypertensive, with the majority (93.4%) monitoring their blood pressure. The study revealed that more men were current smokers. A large number of participants were engaged in a sedentary lifestyle with about one-third of the participants reported being obese. Physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle, and hypertension were among the lifestyle-related risk factors for chronic diseases among residents of this rural community.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2021-06-18
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4081/jphia.2021.1006
Source Journal of Public Health in Africa; Vol 12, No 1 (2021); 6 2038-9930 2038-9922
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Mukadas O, Akindele, Ushotanefe Useh