SARS‑CoV‑2 IgG antibody status in unvaccinated and 2‑dose vaccinated Indonesians by Astra Zeneca

Journal of Public Health in Africa

Field Value
Title SARS‑CoV‑2 IgG antibody status in unvaccinated and 2‑dose vaccinated Indonesians by Astra Zeneca
Creator Yamani, Laura Juniastuti, Juniastuti Megasari, Ni L.A. Utsumi, Takako Sahila, Nur Pangestika, Alifia S. Putri, Serius M.D. Yi Li, Chung Martini, Santi Isfandiari, Muhammad A. Lusida, Maria I.
Subject — SARS‑CoV‑2; vaccine; antibodies; ELISA; rapid test
Description Indonesia began deploying a COVID‑19 vaccine in January 2021, prioritising vaccination for high‑risk groups such as healthcare workers, the elderly and those with comorbidi‑ ties, and ending with the general public due to limited vaccine availability. Our study aimed to evaluate antibody response in Indonesians who had received two doses of the vaccine vs. those who had not. The study design was a cohort study involving 46 unvaccinated people and 23 people who had received the second dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine in three months. Methods used for the qualitative and quantitative detection of IgG antibodies included rapid RI‑GHA and ELISA tests. Findings showed that positive IgG antibodies qualitatively detected by the rapid RI‑GHA test were significantly higher in those vaccinated (60.9%) than in unvaccinated people (26.1%). Using the ELISA assay, all vaccinated individuals qualitatively showed positive antibodies (cut‑off ≥4.33 BAU/ml), and the average quantitative titer of anti‑SARS‑CoV‑2 s‑RBD IgG was significantly higher in vaccinated (157.06±238.68 BAU/ml) than in unvaccinated (51.90±87.60 BAU/ml) individuals. Some unvaccinated individuals with no history of infection were found to have anti‑SARS‑CoV‑2 antibodies that may have been previously asymptomatic, although their mean antibody titers were certainly lower than those in the 2‑dose group. Approximately 56% of vaccinated individuals had antibody titers above 60 BAU/ml as a cut‑off for protective threshold, a significantly higher proportion than unvaccinated individuals. In conclusion, vaccination with two doses AstraZeneca increased anti‑SARS‑CoV‑2 antibodies which resulted in enhanced immunity against symptomatic COVID‑19.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2023-12-30
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4081/jphia.2023.2697
Source Journal of Public Health in Africa; Vol 14, No 12 (2023); 6 2038-9930 2038-9922
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Laura Yamani, Juniastuti Juniastuti, Ni L.A. Megasari, Takako Utsumi, Nur Sahila, Alifia S. Pangestika, Serius M.D. Putri, Chung Yi Li, Santi Martini, Muhammad A. Isfandiari, Maria I. Lusida