Prevalence and determinants of refractive errors at Sekororo District Hospital in Limpopo Province, South Africa

African Vision and Eye Health

Field Value
Title Prevalence and determinants of refractive errors at Sekororo District Hospital in Limpopo Province, South Africa
Creator Maluleke, Khisimusi D. Hasrod, Nabeela Rubin, Alan
Subject Health Sciences; Optometry refractive errors; myopia; hyperopia; astigmatism; determinants
Description Background: Refractive errors are common eye disorders affecting people of all age groups worldwide.Aim: To determine the prevalence and determinants of refractive errors among patients attending a rural-based optometry clinic from January 2018 to December 2019.Setting: The study was conducted at Sekororo District Hospital in Mopani District of Limpopo Province, South Africa.Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study comprising two stratified random samples (2018 and 2019) was conducted based on the clinical records of patients who consulted the clinic. Data were analysed with Statistics or Data Analysis software, STATA ed. 15. Determinants of refractive errors were identified using regression analysis and reported as odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CI).Results: In the 2018 sample, the prevalence of myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism in the right eyes was 10% (95% CI: 7.0–14.2), 7.5% (95% CI: 4.5–1.3) and 43.4% (95% CI: 37.6–49.3), respectively. Left eyes had myopia 16.1% (95% CI: 12.2–21.0), hyperopia 7.5% (95% CI: 4.5–1.3) and astigmatism 40.1% (95% CI: 34.5–46.0). For the 2019 sample, the prevalence of myopia in right eyes was 13.3% (95% CI: 9.5–18.3), hyperopia 3.8% (95% CI: 2.0–7.3) and astigmatism 33.8% (95% CI: 28.0–40.1). Left eyes had myopia 17.5% (95% CI: 13.1–23.0), hyperopia 8.1% (95% CI: 5.2–12.4) and astigmatism 26.9% (95% CI: 21.6–33.0).Conclusion: Across the samples (2018 and 2019) and to laterality (right and left eyes), myopia prevalence ranged from 10% to 17.5% while hyperopia ranged from 3.8% to 8.1%. Astigmatism was most prevalent (ranging from 26.9% to 43.4%).Contribution: This article provides useful information about the prevalence of REs in the district hospital setting. The Department of Health Authority may use the results for policy decisions.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor University of Johannesburg
Date 2024-03-22
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Retrospective review, quantitative research
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v83i1.890
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 83, No 1 (2024); 9 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
Language eng
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Coverage Africa; South Africa; Limpopo Province; Mopani District; Maruleng sub-district; Sekororo District Hospital January 2018 - December 2019 All age groups; males and females; African
Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Khisimusi D. Maluleke, Nabeela Hasrod, Alan Rubin