Mimickers of hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury in term neonates: What the radiologist should know

SA Journal of Radiology

Field Value
Title Mimickers of hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury in term neonates: What the radiologist should know
Creator Misser, Shalendra K. Archary, Moherndran
Subject — hypoxic-ischaemic; cerebral palsy; term neonatal; magnetic resonance imaging; neurometabolic
Description Patterns of neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury (HIBI) are fairly well known. There are, however, other diagnoses with imaging patterns that may mimic HIBI. A review of MRI studies was conducted for children with suspected cerebral palsy, correlated with prior imaging, clinical details and laboratory tests where available. In the 63 identified cases, imaging features were, in many cases, very similar to the known patterns of HIBI. The alternative diagnoses can be classified as developmental, vascular, chromosomal, infections, metabolic disorders, and congenital syndromes. These findings are described in this pictorial essay. The potential mimickers of HIBI described in this essay can demonstrate similar imaging appearances to HIBI.Contribution: There are multiple possible causes of neonatal encephalopathy other than hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. Many conditions may mimic HIBI, each of which can be associated with significant morbidity. It is prudent for the reporting radiologist to be aware of these alternate clinico-radiological diagnoses.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2024-02-29
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajr.v28i1.2810
Source South African Journal of Radiology; Vol 28, No 1 (2024); 14 pages 2078-6778 1027-202X
Language eng
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https://sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/2810/3557 https://sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/2810/3558 https://sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/2810/3559 https://sajr.org.za/index.php/sajr/article/view/2810/3560
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Shalendra K. Misser, Moherndran Archary https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0