A comparative study of earthquake disaster management laws between USA and Indonesia

Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies

Field Value
Title A comparative study of earthquake disaster management laws between USA and Indonesia
Creator Rahmawan, Ardianto B. Eliana, Gabriela Habibi, Latif A. Nariswari, Alyca A.
Subject — Indonesia; earthquakes; disaster management; agencies; regulatory problems
Description The frequent occurrence of disasters because of Indonesia’s geographical location within the Ring of Fire calls for effective disaster-management efforts. With the issuance of Law No. 24 of 2007 on Disaster Management, the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana or BNPB) was subsequently established. Keeping in mind previous disasters in Indonesia which occur in different regions, that is, Palu and Aceh Tsunami, Cianjur earthquake, and Mount Merapi, Indonesia’s disaster-management law is general and lacks technical guidelines in addressing the needs of the various regions and the different contours of geography. This article aims to analyse existing Indonesian regulatory and agency problems in disaster management by conducting a normative and comparative approach between the disaster management policy in the United States of America (USA) and Indonesia. The authors chose the USA’s disaster-management policy in particular as most comparative studies on disaster management law do not involve the USA despite the State’s ability to provide a comprehensive and consistent policy in the midst of the decentralisation of responsibilities with the numerous states. The authors conclude that according to existing disaster-management laws in USA and Indonesia, the government is obligated to fulfil its citizens’ rights in the event of natural disasters. Furthermore, noting the issues that exist within the Indonesian disaster-management system, Indonesia can adopt the best practices of the USA to improve its disaster-management system. Among others, Indonesia can learn from the USA in the fields of accountability and transparency amongst agencies, the development of Early Warning Systems, an improved system of interagency cooperation, as well as the provision of specific disaster-management assistance.Contribution: The findings of this study are expected to serve as evaluation material and to improve government effectiveness in dealing with natural disasters.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Research and Publication Unit, Faculty of Law, Universitas Gadjah Mada
Date 2024-02-22
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jamba.v16i1.1582
Source Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies; Vol 16, No 1 (2024); 12 pages 1996-1421 2072-845X
Language eng
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https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/1582/2868 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/1582/2869 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/1582/2870 https://jamba.org.za/index.php/jamba/article/view/1582/2871
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Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Ardianto B. Rahmawan, Gabriela Eliana, Latif A. Habibi, Alyca A. Nariswari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0