Diabetes Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices in adults with type 2 diabetes at primary health care clinics in Kimberley South Africa

South African Family Practice

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Title Diabetes Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices in adults with type 2 diabetes at primary health care clinics in Kimberley South Africa
Creator Alenbalu, Moses Egenasi, Chika K. Steinberg, Wilhelm J. Aluko, Omololu
Subject Family medicine; primary health care diabetes mellitus; knowledge; attitude; practice; Kimberley; South Africa
Description Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common non-communicable disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality globally. It poses a huge public health and economic challenge. People with diabetes need to have adequate knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) to prevent complications from diabetes. This study aims to evaluate the KAP towards diabetes among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients attending primary healthcare clinics in Kimberley.Methods: A cross-sectional analytical, quantitative questionnaire-based study was done using a convenient sampling method in Sol Plaatje Municipality, Kimberley, Northern Cape.Results: A total of 363 type 2 diabetic patients took part in the study. Most of the participants (62.0%) were females. Most had good knowledge (67.5%), while 64.5% of the participants showed good attitudes towards diabetes. However, only 35.8% of the participants had good practices towards diabetes. There was a significant association between the participant’s level of education and (1) knowledge and (2) practice, with p-values of 0.002 and 0.0075, respectively. No significant association was found between the participant’s level of education and attitudes towards diabetes (p = 0.2416).Conclusion: This study demonstrated good diabetes-related knowledge and attitudes but inadequate practices among participants. Educational programmes to assist patients with diabetes to improve their practice towards diabetes should be encouraged and implemented.Contribution: This study will help to create awareness of the need for people with diabetes to improve their practices towards diabetes.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor University of the Free State
Date 2024-01-29
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — cross-sectional, analytical, quantitative questionnaire-based study
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/safp.v66i1.5838
Source South African Family Practice; Vol 66, No 1 (2024): Part 1; 9 pages 2078-6204 2078-6190
Language eng
The following web links (URLs) may trigger a file download or direct you to an alternative webpage to gain access to a publication file format of the published article:

https://safpj.co.za/index.php/safpj/article/view/5838/8430 https://safpj.co.za/index.php/safpj/article/view/5838/8431 https://safpj.co.za/index.php/safpj/article/view/5838/8432 https://safpj.co.za/index.php/safpj/article/view/5838/8433
Coverage Kimberley,South Africa 2021-2023 Gender; age; education; employment
Rights Copyright (c) 2024 Moses Alenbalu, Chika K. Egenasi, Wilhelm J. Steinberg, Omololu Aluko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0