Epidemiology of head and neck cancer in a Johannesburg Hospital: A file review

SA Journal of Oncology

Field Value
Title Epidemiology of head and neck cancer in a Johannesburg Hospital: A file review
Creator Coutts, Kim Israel, Nicole Cassim, Zareen Prinsloo, Engela
Subject speech pathology; rehabilitation Head and neck cancer; epidemiology; South Africa; public health; file review
Description Background: There is little to no epidemiological data on the presentation of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients in South Africa. These data are important to ensure that local teaching, research and health services meet the needs of this population.Aim: To describe the epidemiological data of HNC patients using a record review from a tertiary level hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa.Setting: This study was piloted in a tertiary public hospital in Gauteng, South Africa.Methods: Sixty files between 2015 and 2021 were analysed quantitatively to describe the trends of HNC patients presenting to the hospital. This was a pilot study to review if this methodology can be used for future larger scale studies in South Africa.Results: Missing data were a significant finding as well as a limitation of the study. The most common form of HNC was laryngeal cancer, and African males were the predominant demographic. The most common comorbidities were smoking, hypertension and HIV/AIDS. The majority of patients presented with speech and swallowing difficulties and various complications that required multidisciplinary team management.Conclusion: All HNC patients need to undergo early screening to assess for speech and swallowing difficulties to prevent further complications.Contribution: The data derived from this study are novel and specific to the South African population. More studies of this nature are required to increase the availability of epidemiological data for this population, in order to inform evidence-based practices.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2023-12-18
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — review
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajo.v7i0.276
Source South African Journal of Oncology; Vol 7 (2023); 5 pages 2523-0646 2518-8704
Language eng
The following web links (URLs) may trigger a file download or direct you to an alternative webpage to gain access to a publication file format of the published article:

https://sajo.org.za/index.php/sajo/article/view/276/799 https://sajo.org.za/index.php/sajo/article/view/276/800 https://sajo.org.za/index.php/sajo/article/view/276/801 https://sajo.org.za/index.php/sajo/article/view/276/802
Coverage South Africa; Johannesburg 2015-2021 file review of adults
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Kim Coutts, Nicole Israel, Zareen Cassim, Engela Prinsloo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0