The family dynamics of children on the streets of Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria

South African Family Practice

Field Value
Title The family dynamics of children on the streets of Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria
Creator Obimakinde, Abimbola M. Shabir, Moosa
Subject Family Medicine family dynamics; streetism; hawking; children; interpersonal relationship; SCREEM; APGAR; Ibadan
Description Background: Children roaming the streets estimated at 1 in 10 by a 2021 United Nation Children’s Funds (UNICEF) report is a growing problem, in cities of lower- and middle-income African countries. Studies of street children with no family ties abound, but there is a paucity of studies on children on the street who exist within families and return home daily. We explored the family dynamics of children on the streets of Ibadan, emphasising family structure, resources and relationships.Methods: Using an exploratory design based on a qualitative approach 53 participants were interviewed, including children on the streets, parental figures, child-welfare officers and street shop owners. Participants were selected from streets in the five urban local government areas of Ibadan, Nigeria. Recorded data were transcribed, and framework analysis was performed.Results: The family dynamics included family structural problems, poor family resources and poor parent-child relationships. The family structural problems included: broken homes, large families and ambivalence around polygamy as subthemes. Family resources comprised: poor economic resources, poor social resources, educational challenges, cultural ambivalence and spiritual backdrops. The family relationships patterns included: poor adaptability, economic-oriented partnership, poor growth support, poor emotional connection and poor family bonding.Conclusion: The dynamics driving a family’s choice for child streetism in Ibadan, mostly to hawk, are devaluation of family life, parenting irresponsibility, and poor filial relationship, underscored by economic constraints and socio-cultural decadence. The results of this research buttress the need for family-level interventions to forestall the escalating phenomenon of child streetism in Ibadan, Nigeria.Contribution: This research highlights the family dynamics of children on the streets, and buttresses family-level interventions are necessary to forestall escalating child-streetism in Ibadan, Nigeria.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor This research was funded by the Consortium for Advanced Research Training in Africa (CARTA), led by the African Population and Health Research Center, University of Witwatersrand, funded by Carnegie Corporation of New York (Grant No. G-19-57145), etc.
Date 2023-12-14
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Qualitative research
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/safp.v65i1.5774
Source South African Family Practice; Vol 65, No 1 (2023): Part 4; 11 pages 2078-6204 2078-6190
Language eng
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Coverage Nigeria West Africa June 2021-Sept 2021 Adults-parents, street shop-owners, child welfare officers and children aged 13yrs-
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Abimbola Margaret Obimakinde, Moosa Shabir