Imaging spectrum of spinal dysraphism: A diagnostic challenge

SA Journal of Radiology

Field Value
Title Imaging spectrum of spinal dysraphism: A diagnostic challenge
Creator Shrivastva, Mohit K. Panigrahi, Mousam
Subject Radiology; Neuroradiology; Magnetic resonance imaging spinal dysraphism; myelomeningocoele; lipomyelomeningocoele; lipomyelocoele; diastematomyelia; hemimyelomeningocoele; caudal regression syndrome; dorsal dermal sinus
Description Spinal dysraphism (SD) is a collective term for congenital malformations of the spine and spinal cord. It includes a wide range of congenital anomalies resulting from aberrations in the stages of gastrulation, primary neurulation and secondary neurulation. Spinal dysraphism may lead to neurological impairment of varying severity including weakness of the extremities, incontinence of bowel and bladder, sexual dysfunction, among others. Diagnosis of SDs is quite challenging because of its wide spectrum and complex cascade of embryologic events. Knowledge of normal embryology and proper understanding of imaging features of SD are important for early accurate diagnosis.Contribution: This series of five cases describes the imaging spectrum of spinal dysraphism and highlights the embryological basis for their development, which could facilitate early correct diagnosis, surgical planning and reduced morbidity related to these malformations. It also includes an extremely rare case of complex spinal dysraphism (Type II diastematomyelia with right hemimyelomeningocoele and left hemilipomyelomeningocoele) with Chiari II malformation.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Date 2023-11-27
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajr.v27i1.2747
Source South African Journal of Radiology; Vol 27, No 1 (2023); 7 pages 2078-6778 1027-202X
Language eng
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Coverage Asia; India; Uttar Pradesh; Bareilly 2019-2023 Pediatric age group; Male and female; Indian
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Mohit K. Shrivastva, Mousam Panigrahi