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Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Zimbabwean men relating to prostate cancer


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Title Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Zimbabwean men relating to prostate cancer
Creator Chisamba, Tendai Maree, Johanna E. Jansen van Rensburg, Jacoba J.
Subject Nursing prostate cancer; knowledge; attitudes; practices; Harare; Zimbabwe
Description Background: Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of death in Zimbabwe. However, screening for prostate cancer is opportunistic as population-based screening is not available.Objectives: This study aimed to describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices of men living in Harare, Zimbabwe relating to prostate cancer.Method: A door-to-door survey took place in Mufakose, Harare. Each household was included, and men, 40 years and older, were convenience sampled until realisation of the calculated sample size of 269 (n = 269). A researcher-administered questionnaire collected the data, analysis was performed with descriptive statistics, and Chi-square tested statistically significant differences between the variables.Results: The majority of the sample (53.2; n = 143) was between 40 years old and 49 years old. Most (74.5%; n = 201) did not know what prostate cancer was, but the total sample (100%; n = 269) indicated that prostate cancer could lead to death. Only 50.6% (n = 136) were of the opinion that men should be screened; most (87.7%; n = 236) had never been screened. A Chi-square test of independence found a statistically significant difference between educational level and having had prostate cancer screening, χ2 (1) = 47.881, p 0.000.Conclusion: As confirmed by other studies, the respondents had limited knowledge of prostate cancer, but had a positive attitude towards the disease, as most were willing to go for screening. There had been only a small percentage screened previously, and less than half returned to learn the results.Contribution: The study emphasises the role of primary health clinics as it could be an ideal setting to teach men about prostate cancer and its screening, and provide screening services in Zimbabwe.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor International Atomic Energy Agency
Date 2023-11-13
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Door-to-door survey
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/curationis.v46i1.2459
Source Curationis; Vol 46, No 1 (2023); 8 pages 2223-6279 0379-8577
Language eng
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Coverage Health care Zimbabwe Current African men, 40 years and older
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Tendai Chisamba, Johanna E. Maree, Jacoba J. Jansen van Rensburg