Impact of Omicron COVID-19 restrictions on air transport and tourism to and from South Africa

Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management

Field Value
Title Impact of Omicron COVID-19 restrictions on air transport and tourism to and from South Africa
Creator Vermooten, Joachim
Subject Air Transport; Aviation; Airline; Tourist; Tourism; COVID-19 Impact COVID-19; Omicron; restrictions; regulations; air travel; air transport; tourism; passengers carried; flights operated; passenger load; recovery
Description Background: The governments of important tourist source markets imposed additional travel restrictions (the Omicron restrictions) to South Africa (and neighbouring states) as a result of the identification of the Omicron variant of COVID-19 in South Africa. These restrictions interrupted and paused the recovery in international and regional passenger traffic to and from South Africa and its neighbouring states.Objectives: To determine the impact of Omicron-related air travel restrictions on passenger demand, the number of flights operated (supply of services), average passenger loads carried and salient tourism indicators.Method: The study identifies the monthly number of passengers and flights operated before and immediately following the imposition and lifting of Omicron-related travel restrictions. The counterfactual, to determine the traffic and tourism recovery would have been had these restrictions not been imposed is made by interpolation.Results: Significant decreases in the annual number of passengers carried, flights operated and the average loads of passengers were identified within two geographic areas, international and regional traffic, on over-border flights affected by Omicron restrictions and the impact on tourism and employment.Conclusion: The Omicron restrictions interrupted the recovery trend that started to emerge and caused a decline in passenger and tourism flows, tourism spending and employment.Contribution: The study determines the impact of the Omicron restrictions on South Africa to prevent rapid government overreaction where the causation of contagion is not objectively demonstrated.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor University of Johannesburg
Date 2023-10-27
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Literature Analysis
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jtscm.v17i0.881
Source Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management; Vol 17 (2023); 15 pages 1995-5235 2310-8789
Language eng
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Coverage South Africa 2019; 2020; 2021; 2022 Tourists; Passengers; Flights
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Joachim Vermooten