Predictors of burnout among resident doctors in a Nigerian teaching hospital

South African Journal of Psychiatry

Field Value
Title Predictors of burnout among resident doctors in a Nigerian teaching hospital
Creator Salihu, Mumeen O. Makanjuola, Alfred B. Abiodun, Olatunji A. Kuranga, Amudalat T.
Subject Psychiatry burnout; maslach burnout inventory; predictors; resident doctors; teaching hospital; Ilorin; Nigeria.
Description Background: Burnout is a psychological syndrome resulting from exposure to chronic work-related stress. There are, however, a few works of literature on burnout among trainee doctors in Nigeria.Aim: To determine the prevalence of burnout and its predictors among resident doctors across 16 medical specialties and/or subspecialties.Setting: The University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Ilorin, Nigeria.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 176 resident doctors between October 2020 and January 2021. The survey included the Proforma and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey for Medical Personnel (MBI-HSS MP).Results: The mean age of participants was 35.10 (SD 4.07) years. The prevalence of burnout was 21.6% for high emotional exhaustion (EE), 13.6% for high depersonalization (DP), and 30.7% for low personal accomplishment (PA). Being a younger resident doctor aged 31–35 (OR = 3.715, 95% CI [1.270 – 10.871]) was the only significant predictor for the EE. Predictors of DP included the age group 31–35 years (OR = 7.143, 95% CI [2.297 – 22.216]), duty hours 50 hours per week (OR = 2.984, 95% CI [1.203 – 7.401]), and presence of work-related stress (OR = 3.701, 95% CI [1.315 – 10.421]). A good relationship with colleagues negatively predicted low PA (OR = 0.221, 95% CI [0.086 – 0.572]).Conclusion: High levels of burnout are prevalent among resident doctors, comparable to international studies. Therefore, the government and other relevant stakeholders must drive legislation and formulate policies toward addressing the work-related factors associated with burnout in the Nigerian healthcare industry.Contribution: This study highlighted the determinants of burnout among Nigerian resident doctors, which necessitates targeted interventions to address them.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2023-06-29
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Survey
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v29i0.2017
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 29 (2023); 9 pages 2078-6786 1608-9685
Language eng
The following web links (URLs) may trigger a file download or direct you to an alternative webpage to gain access to a publication file format of the published article:
Coverage Nigeria October 2020-January 2021 Resident doctors
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Mumeen O. Salihu, Alfred B. Makanjuola, Olatunji A. Abiodun, Amudalat T. Kuranga