Medical practitioners’ knowledge and awareness of multiple myeloma at public hospitals, Gauteng, South Africa

South African Family Practice

Field Value
Title Medical practitioners’ knowledge and awareness of multiple myeloma at public hospitals, Gauteng, South Africa
Creator Pooe, Andiswa M. Dlova, Abegail N. Ntuli, Sam T.
Subject Haematology; general practice; primary health care; education multiple myeloma; awareness; knowledge; Gauteng Province; South Africa
Description Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy associated with morbidity and mortality worldwide, and most patients are referred for specialist care very late with complications. The low index of suspicion among medical practitioners is among the reasons for the delay in MM diagnosis and management. This study aimed to determine the level of awareness and knowledge of MM among medical practitioners working in public hospitals of Tshwane Municipality, Gauteng Province, South Africa.Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study on 74 doctors working in three district, one regional and one central hospital using a convenience sampling.Results: Seventy-four medical practitioners participated in this study. Their median age was 37 years with an interquartile range of 43–30 years. The majority (85%) of the respondents were aware of MM, while 74% were knowledgeable regarding MM presentations and diagnostic investigations.Conclusion: The findings highlighted a high level of awareness and knowledge of MM among the study population, but almost all of the participants requested an educational information brochure on MM.Contribution: Medical practitioners have a high level of awareness of multiple myeloma; however, there is a discrepancy between this level of awareness and the delayed presentation of patients at the public hospitals. As primary healthcare in South Africa is nurse-driven, the study indicates that not all primary healthcare providers may be aware of this disease. Future awareness campaigns should target other primary healthcare providers, including nurses and private general practitioners.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Janin Alant
Date 2023-06-27
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — A cross-sectional descriptive study
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/safp.v65i1.5644
Source South African Family Practice; Vol 65, No 1 (2023): Part 3; 6 pages 2078-6204 2078-6190
Language eng
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Coverage Africa; South Africa; Gauteng; Tshwane District 2019-2021 Age, Gender, Medical Practitioners
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Andiswa M. Pooe, Abegail N. Dlova, Sam T. Ntuli