Costs of adult functional neurological disorders at a tertiary hospital in central South Africa

South African Journal of Psychiatry

Field Value
Title Costs of adult functional neurological disorders at a tertiary hospital in central South Africa
Creator Christopher, Leonriche L.C. Pretorius, Paul J. Moodley, Anand Joubert, Gina Arendse, Tracy
Subject — functional neurological disorder; neurological disorders; inpatient costs; hospitalisation; FND prevalence; FND demographic variables.
Description Background: Functional neurological disorders (FND) lead to increased care requirements and costs, negatively impacting healthcare budgets. Healthcare expenditure in FND has escalated beyond other neurologic disorders during the past decade.Objectives: To assess inpatient costs in adults admitted to the neurology ward at Universitas Academic Hospital (UAH) in central South Africa.Methods: A retrospective observational study with a comparative component was conducted on patients admitted during 2018 and 2019. All FND cases (n = 29) and a systematic sample of other neurological disorders were included in the comparison group (n = 29). Data were obtained from the Meditech billing system and clinical records.Results: FND patients accounted for 5.5% of 530 admissions in the neurology ward during the study period. No significant differences regarding daily median cost, age categories, gender or medical comorbidity were observed between FND and the comparison group. However, the length of stay was significantly shorter for the FND patients (median of four versus eight days), translating to approximately half the total costs of patients admitted for other neurological disorders.Conclusion: The daily median cost was similar for FND and other neurology-related admissions. The lower overall inpatient costs for FND patients were only related to significantly shorter durations of stay, which may reflect new diagnostic approaches resulting from changes in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria. The prevalence of FND was similar to those reported in previous studies conducted at neurology clinics.Contribution: The study contributes towards better understanding the prevalence and cost of FND in local neurology inpatient care settings.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2023-06-20
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v29i0.2010
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 29 (2023); 6 pages 2078-6786 1608-9685
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Leonriche L.C. Christopher, Paul J. Pretorius, Anand Moodley, Gina Joubert, Tracy Arendse