Record Details

Tavern of two oceans: Alcohol, taxes and leases in the seventeenth-century Dutch world

New Contree

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Title Tavern of two oceans: Alcohol, taxes and leases in the seventeenth-century Dutch world
Creator Groenewald, Gerald
Subject — Alcohol retail; Atlantic history; Batavia; Business history; Cape of Good Hope; Dutch East India Company (VOC); Dutch Republic; Indian Ocean history; Mercantilism; Taxation
Description The retail of alcohol was so central to the economy and society of the Cape of Good Hope during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that it earned the nickname “tavern of two oceans”. This retail business was organised on the so- called lease or monopoly (pacht) system whereby a person paid the authorities for the right to sell a certain type of alcohol for a given period in a specific area. This article traces the intellectual origins of this system of alcohol retail at the Cape during the VOC era. It does so by tracing both the idea of using leases or monopolies, first in the Dutch Republic in the seventeenth century, and by investigating the ways in which various products, including alcohol, were leased off in the largest and most significant of the VOC’s colonies, Batavia, during the first half of the seventeenth century. It is demonstrated that the ways in which alcohol retail and other economic activities were organised at the Cape developed out of practices established elsewhere in the seventeenth-century Dutch world, but that the exact nature of the system was adapted to unique local circumstances at the early Cape. As such, this comparative article serves as an illustration that developments at the Cape in such a central sphere as business practices were the product of both global and local forces and influences.
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
Date 2015-11-30
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/nc.v73i0.164
Source New Contree; Vol 73 (2015); 15 2959-510X 0379-9867
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Gerald Groenewald