Restricted participation: Drivers, experiences and implications of disability stigma in Ethiopia

African Journal of Disability

Field Value
Title Restricted participation: Drivers, experiences and implications of disability stigma in Ethiopia
Creator Breffka, Esther Jagoe, Caroline Murphy, Susan P. Tsegaw, Belestie B.
Subject Epistemology; Sociology of social behavior; feminist sociology; development studies disability; disability stigma; community-based inclusive development; disability inclusion; social inclusion; epistemic injustice; disability rights; participation.
Description Background: Community-based inclusive development (CBID) acknowledges society’s critical role in supporting the active participation of persons with disabilities. However, research on how this approach relates to the context-sensitive socially situated barriers of disability stigma is underexplored.Objectives: This study aimed to understand the drivers and experiences of disability stigma in Ethiopia, from the perspective of persons with disabilities engaged in CBID programmes, and to establish how disability stigma acts as a barrier to participation.Methods: An inductive methodological approach guided the research design. Mixed methods were used including a narrative review of disabilities studies literature, 16 semi-structured interviews with persons with disabilities, and a quantitative survey of 970 persons with disabilities across three communities in Ethiopia.Results: Informed by theories of epistemic justice, this study identified specific indicators of meaningful participation and examined how these relate to experiences of disability stigma. The study found that the participation of adults with disabilities in society is restricted across different areas of life. Misconceptions about the causes of disability and social perceptions regarding the capacities of persons with disabilities are found to exacerbate stigma and act as a barrier to participation.Conclusion: Targeted efforts to challenge internalised norms and harmful beliefs within CBID approaches are required to address disadvantages arising from embedded disability stigma.Contribution: This study makes conceptual, empirical and practical contributions that advance insights into the relationship between disability stigma and participation in Ethiopia and the dimensions of epistemic justice relevant to understanding the nature and drivers of disability stigma.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor CBM International Louise Talbot Beirne, CBM Ireland Sarah O'Toole, CBM Ireland
Date 2023-01-23
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — inductive approach; transdisciplinary study; critical literature review; semi-structured interviews
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ajod.v12i0.1085
Source African Journal of Disability; Vol 12 (2023); 13 pages 2226-7220 2223-9170
Language eng
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Coverage Africa; Ethiopia; Amhara; South Gondar Zone 2018-2021 Adults with disabilities
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Esther Breffka, Caroline Jagoe, Susan P. Murphy, Belestie B. Tsegaw