An audit of patient radiation doses in interventional radiology at a South African hospital

SA Journal of Radiology

Field Value
Title An audit of patient radiation doses in interventional radiology at a South African hospital
Creator Slave, Oneile Mahomed, Nasreen
Subject interventional radiology Interventional radiology; diagnostic reference level; kerma air product; reference point air kerma; fluoroscopy time
Description Background: Interventional radiology (IR) is becoming more relevant in patient care and is associated with increased patient radiation exposure and radiation-induced adverse effects. Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) are crucial for radiation control. There is a paucity of published DRLs for IR in South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa.Objectives: This study aimed to determine local DRLs for fluoroscopically-guided IR procedures and compare the achieved DRLs with published local and international DRLs.Method: Retrospective, descriptive, single-centre study. Kerma air product (KAP), reference point air kerma (Ka,r) and fluoroscopy time (FT) were collected for patients (12 years and older) who underwent IR procedures at a university hospital from 01 January 2019 to 31 December 2019. The 75th percentile of the distribution of each dose parameter (KAP, Ka,r and FT) per procedure was calculated and taken as the local diagnostic reference levels (LDRL). The established LDRLs were compared to published DRLs.Results: A total of 564 cases were evaluated. The 13 most frequent procedures (with 15 or more cases) represented 86.1% (487/564). Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage was the most common procedure (n = 146, 25.9%). Diagnostic cerebral angiogram DRLs exceeded the published DRL data ranges for all parameters (DRL 209.3), and interventional cerebral angiogram exceeded published ranges (DRL 275). Uterine artery embolisation (UAE) exceeded these ranges for KAP and Ka,r. (KAP-954.9 Gy/cm2, Ka,r-2640.8 mGy).Conclusion: The LDRLs for diagnostic cerebral angiogram, interventional cerebral angiogram and UAE exceeded published international DRL ranges. These procedures require radiation optimisation as recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP).Contribution: In addition to informing radiation protection practices at the level of the institution, the established LDRLs contribute towards Regional and National DRLs.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor none
Date 2023-01-20
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Retrospective descriptive single center study
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajr.v27i1.2559
Source South African Journal of Radiology; Vol 27, No 1 (2023); 7 pages 2078-6778 1027-202X
Language eng
The following web links (URLs) may trigger a file download or direct you to an alternative webpage to gain access to a publication file format of the published article:
Coverage South Africa January 2019 to December 2019 adults
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Oneile Slave, Nasreen Mahomed