Clinical review of stroke care at National District Hospital, Bloemfontein

South African Family Practice

Field Value
Title Clinical review of stroke care at National District Hospital, Bloemfontein
Creator Smit, Selma Hagemeister, Dirk T. van Rooyen, Cornel
Subject Family medicine; primary care; primary health care; neurology; stroke; preventative care; emergency medicine stroke; stroke unit; emergency stroke care; neurological outcome; thrombolysis; rehabilitation
Description Background: Stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality affecting sub-Saharan Africa. Studies show that dedicated stroke units improve patient outcomes. National District Hospital (NDH) manages strokes, with the potential of becoming a dedicated stroke unit in Bloemfontein, South Africa. The study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of patients presenting with stroke at NDH.Methods: In this retrospective descriptive study, emergency department registers were used to identify patients presenting with symptoms of a stroke between 01 January 2019 and 31 March 2019. Relevant data were extracted from hospital files.Results: Of the 106 identified patients, 53 were included in the study. The median age was 61 years (range 28–89 years), with an almost equal split between genders. The most common risk factor was hypertension (81.3%). The median time from symptom onset to presentation at NDH was 9 h. No patient received thrombolysis. One patient received neurosurgical intervention. The most prescribed secondary preventative drugs were antihypertensive medication, statins, anticoagulation and antiretroviral therapy. Half (52.8%) of the patients received rehabilitation as in-patients. Final diagnoses were ischaemic strokes (26/53, 49.0%), transient ischaemic attacks (10/56, 22.7%) and haemorrhagic strokes (6/56, 13.6%). The 6-month post-infarct mortality rate was 37.5%.Conclusion: Patient outcomes were comparable to similar South African studies. Time delays in stroke management remain a major obstacle. Identified action points include community education, improving emergency medical services and establishing a dedicated stroke unit.Contribution: This study underlines the importance of stroke and cardiovascular disease prevention and stresses the value of establishing dedicated stroke units.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Department of Family Medicine Faculty of Health Sciences University of the Free State
Date 2023-01-05
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Retrospective Descriptve
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/safp.v65i1.5608
Source South African Family Practice; Vol 65, No 1 (2023): Part 1; 7 pages 2078-6204 2078-6190
Language eng
The following web links (URLs) may trigger a file download or direct you to an alternative webpage to gain access to a publication file format of the published article:
Coverage Africa; South Africa; Free State; Bloemfontein January - March 2019 Age; Gender; Stroke
Rights Copyright (c) 2023 Selma Smit, Dirk T. Hagemeister, Cornel van Rooyen