Geospatial analysis of flood emergency evacuation sites in Accra

Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies

Field Value
Title Geospatial analysis of flood emergency evacuation sites in Accra
Creator Atanga, Rapheal Ane Tankpa, Vitus
Subject Environmental Science; Environmental management flood emergency evacuation centres; geographic information system; suitability sites; Accra Metropolitan Assembly; weighted linear combination method; remote sensing
Description Cities face frequent flood disasters with devastating impact on lives and property. Geospatial analysis using high elevation points can help to map out emergency evacuation centres for decision making on flood risk management. This research maps and analyses flood emergency evacuation centres in Accra. The objectives of this research were to map out flood hazard and vulnerable settlements, analyse the spatial distribution and identify the optimal locations for flood emergency evacuation sites. The data for this study comprises digital elevation models, stream networks, settlement data, flood risk zone maps of the study site and existing documents on flood disaster risk of the study area. This study adopted the weighted linear combination method to estimate site suitability for emergency evacuation sites. ArcGIS 10.6 was used to analyse the data. The research found that the optimal locations for potential evacuation centres are unevenly distributed between 300 m and 400 m above sea level, most which are in the north-eastern and north-western parts of Accra. The results can contribute to research, policy and decision-making on flood risk management in Accra and other localities with similar conditions. The research further contributes to literature on flood risk management and geographic information system.Contribution: This research is useful as mapping could increase awareness of evacuation sites to speed up rapid response to immediate impacts of flood events. The findings of the study will facilitate future decisions for demarcating potential flood emergency evacuation sites. The overall aim of this study is to contribute to literature, policy, spatial analysis and the practice of flood risk management in the study area. The research findings can also be applied to other flood-prone areas with similar contexts as the study site.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor University of Johannesburg, Harbin Institute of Technology
Date 2022-12-09
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jamba.v14i1.1172
Source Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies; Vol 14, No 1 (2022); 9 pages 1996-1421 2072-845X
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Rapheal Ane Atanga, Vitus Tankpa