Systematic mapping on availability, extent and distribution of mental health research in Malawi

South African Journal of Psychiatry

Field Value
Title Systematic mapping on availability, extent and distribution of mental health research in Malawi
Creator Chorwe-Sungani, Genesis Chisoni, Felix Nyirongo, Ditress Myaba, Japhet Sefasi, Anthony Sagawa, Jonas Sibande, Grace Chaima, Costantine Katola, Eluby N. Jamieson, Febbie Kululanga, Lucy Jere, Diana
Subject Mental Health; Research; Malawi Malawi; systematic mapping; mental health; research; evidence.
Description Background: Mental health research is essential in the implementation of evidence-based interventions. This can be impeded by unavailability or limited access to local evidence in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Malawi.Aim: The aim of this systematic mapping was to describe the availability, extent and distribution of mental health research conducted in Malawi.Setting: The study was conducted at Kamuzu University of Health Sciences in Malawi.Methods: A systematic search of four electronic databases from inception to September 2021 was carried out. All published and unpublished mental health studies in all languages were eligible for inclusion. Studies were screened against inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data were extracted, analysed and presented in tables and as a narrative synthesis.Results: Cross-sectional studies (33.6%, n = 76) were found to be the most common study design for mental health research in Malawi. More studies were conducted on women (21.2%, n = 48) compared to men (1.3%, n = 3). Mental health research was concentrated in the southern region of the country (44.8%, n = 120) and in the three cities of Lilongwe (17.9%, n = 48), Blantyre (16.4%, n = 44) and Zomba (9.0%, n = 24).Conclusion: This systematic mapping suggests that there are few studies on mental health in Malawi which are not equally distributed across the country. There is a pressing need to conduct more mental health research using robust designs across disciplines.Contribution: Research on mental health is urgently needed to produce culturally acceptable data in Malawi.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2022-12-07
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Systematic mapping
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v28i0.1810
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 28 (2022); 7 pages 2078-6786 1608-9685
Language eng
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Coverage Africa; Malawi; Southern Africa 1988-2012 published research studies
Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Genesis Chorwe-Sungani, Felix Chisoni, Ditress Nyirongo, Japhet Myaba, Anthony Sefasi, Jonas Sagawa, Grace Sibande, Costantine Chaima, Eluby N. Katola, Febbie Jamieson, Lucy Kululanga, Diana Jere