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Could Vhavenda initiation schools be a panacea for HIV and AIDS management in the Vhembe district of South Africa?


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Title Could Vhavenda initiation schools be a panacea for HIV and AIDS management in the Vhembe district of South Africa?
Creator Ndou-Mammbona, Avhatakali A. Mavhandu-Mudzusi, Azwihangwisi H.
Subject HIV/AIDS; CULTURE, RURAL HEALTH Ethnography; HIV infections; traditional healers; traditional initiation schools; Vhavenda
Description Background: Several human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention strategies have been implemented to counteract the impact of the disease, including the use of condoms, social marketing, testing, voluntary counselling and education programmes. One of the platforms which has not been fully explored is that of traditional initiation schools.Objectives: This study aimed to explore and discuss Vhavenda traditional initiation schools, which can be used as panacea for HIV and AIDS management in the Vhembe district of South Africa.Method: This ethnographic study was conducted in the Vhembe district of South Africa, among nine purposively sampled key informants drawn from a cohort of Vhavenda traditional healers and leaders. Data were collected using semistructured face-to-face interviews and analysed using ethnographic content analysis.Results: The results indicate that Vhavenda traditional initiation schools positively affect the management of HIV and AIDS. Initiation schools are centres for cultural education and the formation of a cultural identity. During the initiation process, initiates are taught social norms, customs and values which will serve them well in adulthood. They are also taught matters of sexuality, courtship, marriage and respect for others.Conclusion: The positive attributes of Vhavenda initiation schools should be accommodated and implemented in curricula from the primary school level up to the tertiary level to reduce and curb the spread of HIV infection.Contribution: Improved expertise at the initiation schools will aid the Department of Health and Education and Training to develop and implement suitable cultural contextualised HIV and AIDS prevention strategies.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor None
Date 2022-11-30
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Qualitative research
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/curationis.v45i1.2356
Source Curationis; Vol 45, No 1 (2022); 10 pages 2223-6279 0379-8577
Language eng
The following web links (URLs) may trigger a file download or direct you to an alternative webpage to gain access to a publication file format of the published article:
Coverage South Africa August 2019-December 2019 Age; Gender;Ethnicity; Traditional healers
Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Avhatakali A. Ndou-Mammbona, Azwihangwisi H. Mavhandu-Mudzusi