Imaging of the neurological manifestations of dengue: A case series

SA Journal of Radiology

Field Value
Title Imaging of the neurological manifestations of dengue: A case series
Creator Rangankar, Varsha Kumar, Divyajat Kuber, Rajesh Kalekar, Tushar
Subject General practice; radiology; general medicine; pediatrics; infectious diseases dengue; haemorrhagic encephalitis; PRES; ADEM; subdural haemorrhage; splenium; RESLES; cytotoxic lesions of the corpus callosum
Description Dengue fever, the most common arboviral tropical disease, has shown a rapid increase in incidence over the last few decades. Increasing evidence of the various neurological manifestations in dengue has been documented in the literature. Patients positive for dengue on serology and with neurological manifestations were analysed and included in the present case series and brief review. The cases reveal a spectrum of neurological findings in dengue infection and include dengue haemorrhagic encephalitis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), reversible splenial lesion syndrome (RESLES), intracranial haematoma, and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), with a focus on the relevant imaging features.Contribution: The present case series emphasises the importance of understanding the relevant imaging findings and potential aetiopathogenesis of neurological involvement in dengue infected patients in order to make the correct diagnosis for effective treatment and improved outcome.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2022-11-29
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Descriptive study; review of literature
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajr.v26i1.2528
Source South African Journal of Radiology; Vol 26, No 1 (2022); 10 pages 2078-6778 1027-202X
Language eng
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Coverage Asia; South East Asia 2018-2022 Age; Gender
Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Varsha Rangankar, Divyajat Kumar, Rajesh Kuber, Tushar Kalekar