Youth participation in agriculture, accounting for entrepreneurial dimensions

Southern African Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management

Field Value
Title Youth participation in agriculture, accounting for entrepreneurial dimensions
Creator Henning, Johannes I.F. Jammer, Brent D. Jordaan, Henry
Subject — agriculture; food security; youth; entrepreneurship; sustainable livelihoods; sub-Saharan Africa
Description Background: Despite the high youth unemployment levels, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, participation in the agricultural sector remains low. The agricultural sector provides valuable opportunities of employment, which could contribute towards relieving the high levels of unemployment and enhancing livelihoods of families in rural areas. Youth are also seen as the future of the agricultural sector and food production.Aim: To determine whether entrepreneurial dimensions, along with assets within the sustainable livelihoods framework, influences participation of youth in the agricultural sector.Setting: Focus is on youth and the influence of endogenous and exogenous factors on their participation in the agricultural sector.Methods: Entrepreneurial dimensions of 440 youth participants were derived from statements related to entrepreneurial skills and competencies by means of principal component analysis and combined with factors from the sustainable livelihood framework in a multinomial logistic regression.Results: It was found that the youth are heterogeneous in their endogenous and exogenous resources. Youth involved in the sector are more likely to have access to land and extension services, experience in the sector and support initiatives. In terms of entrepreneurial dimensions, youth involved are more inclined to believe in themselves and are more likely to take advantage of opportunities (pull entrepreneurship). The results show that policies and programmes should consider both endogenous and exogenous factors and combinations thereof to attract and enhance youth participation in the agricultural sector.Conclusion: Policy and programme development should consider the heterogeneity of youth in terms of their access to resources and entrepreneurial dimensions to enhance their participation in the agricultural sector. Participation in agriculture requires more than only access to land, and other individual physical resources attention should also be given to endogenous factors of individuals and combinations of different resources.
Publisher AOSIS Publishing
Contributor Water Research Commission Department of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development
Date 2022-11-08
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajesbm.v14i1.461
Source The Southern African Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management; Vol 14, No 1 (2022); 14 pages 2071-3185 2522-7343
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Johannes I.F. Henning, Brent D. Jammer, Henry Jordaan