Rural vulnerability and institutional dynamics in the context of COVID-19: A scoping review

Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies

Field Value
Title Rural vulnerability and institutional dynamics in the context of COVID-19: A scoping review
Creator John, Sokfa F. Okem, Andrew E. Mubangizi, Betty C. Adekanla, Niyi Ngubane, Londeka P. Barry, Ibrahima
Subject Public health, Sustainability, Public governance, Rural studies, Disaster management vulnerability; rural; resilience; livelihoods; COVID-19; adaptive capacity
Description This study reviewed the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on pre-existing vulnerabilities in rural communities using the scoping review strategy. It focused on manuscripts published on the topic in 2020. Based on 39 studies that met our inclusion criteria (out of 507 studies), we note that COVID-19 is exacerbating pre-existing rural vulnerabilities, including poverty, remoteness, socio-economic marginalisation and high unemployment. There is limited evidence that rural communities are resilient to the pandemic. Reduction in household expenditures and the community food system are the only reported forms of resilience. Although local institutions are supporting rural communities in responding to the impacts of the pandemic, several institutional dynamics undermine the effectiveness of the response. The increased risk of the pandemic is likely to reduce incomes and standards of living amongst poor communities. Thus, coping strategies were identified such as starting small gardens in communities, diet changes, targeting community markets with produce rather than retailers and food swap using social media, with food swap being the most adopted coping strategy. Although this study does not offer a comprehensive picture of the levels and nature of vulnerability, resilience and institutional dynamics of rural communities in different parts of the world reveal the limitations of existing knowledge of the vulnerability of rural communities in the context of COVID-19. This underscores the importance of further studies on rural vulnerability in the context of COVID-19 that will enable evidence-based responses to the pandemic in rural contexts.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Covid-19 Africa Rapid Grant Fund
Date 2022-08-31
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Scoping review
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jamba.v14i1.1227
Source Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies; Vol 14, No 1 (2022); 11 pages 1996-1421 2072-845X
Language eng
The following web links (URLs) may trigger a file download or direct you to an alternative webpage to gain access to a publication file format of the published article:
Coverage — Covid-19 pandemic —
Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Sokfa F. John, Andrew E. Okem, Betty C. Mubangizi, Niyi Adekanla, Londeka P. Ngubane, Ibrahima Barry