Latest developments on meibomian gland dysfunction: Diagnosis, treatment and management

African Vision and Eye Health

Field Value
Title Latest developments on meibomian gland dysfunction: Diagnosis, treatment and management
Creator Mathebula, Solani D.
Subject Optometry, Ophthalmology meibomian gland dysfunction; Demodex; dry eye disease; meibum; management and treatment of MGD; diagnosis of MGD
Description Background: Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is one of the leading causes of evaporative dry eye disease and one of the most common ophthalmic conditions found in clinical practice. Meibomian gland dysfunction tends to be overlooked because its signs and symptoms do not cause blindness. Meibomian gland dysfunction is characterised by the obstruction of the meibomian gland terminal ducts resulting in tear film instability.Aim: The purpose of this article was to provide an update on MGD’s diagnosis and treatment.Method: A literature review was conducted using search engines such as Google Scholar, Medline and ScienceDirect databases. Keywords such as MGD diagnosis and management and treatment of MGD were used to search the databases.Results: A total of 44 relevant papers were reviewed. These papers were then curated to include only those concerning diagnosis of meibomian gland dysfunction, treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction and management options of meibomian gland dysfunction. The references of individual papers from the curated results were checked to yield a further 13 papers.Conclusion: Meibomian gland dysfunction is not a single entity but is multifactorial in origin; however, our understanding of the condition is evolving rapidly because of newer imaging technology. There is no gold standard treatment option for MGD, but many options are available that include medications and other procedures. 
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Division of Research Capacity Development of the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC).
Date 2022-05-30
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v81i1.713
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 81, No 1 (2022); 6 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Solani D. Mathebula