Assessment of community-based flood early warning system in Malawi

Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies

Field Value
Title Assessment of community-based flood early warning system in Malawi
Creator Chinguwo, Dickson D. Deus, Dorothea
Subject — early warning system; community based early warning system; civil protection committee; river gauge; floods
Description One of the major natural hazards the world is facing these days are floods. Malawi has not been spared. Floods have affected the countries’ socio-economic developmental plans. River gauges have been installed along major rivers to monitor water levels in a bid to warn communities of imminent flooding. In Malawi, ever since the installation of river gauges no study has been done to assess their effectiveness. This study examines the effectiveness of these river gauges as part of community-based early warning system. The research employs both qualitative and quantitative approach. Questionnaires, interviews, group discussions, document analysis were all used in order to understand the behavioural aspect of communities under study. The current community-based early warning system practices were benchmarked against the following elements: risk knowledge, technical monitoring and warning services, dissemination and communication of warnings and response capability. The study revealed that Malawi has two distinct systems in place: at national level (managed by several government departments) and at community level [managed by Civil Protection Committees (CPCs)]. These systems were installed by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and faith-based organisations. Apparently, no direct link exists between the two. Operational bureaucracy affects the speedy presentation of warning messages at national level. Lack of capacity and necessities affects the operation of the community-based system. Despite the efforts to develop the early warning systems, the failures outweigh the successes. Government needs to provide enough funding for systems sustainability, build capacity of CPCs and install more technologically advanced systems.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2022-03-31
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Survey/Interview
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jamba.v14i1.1166
Source Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies; Vol 14, No 1 (2022); 10 pages 1996-1421 2072-845X
Language eng
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Coverage Malawi — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Dickson D. Chinguwo, Dorothea Deus