Determinants of traditional eye practices amongst rural dwellers in the Asikuma Odoben Brakwa District, Ghana

African Vision and Eye Health

Field Value
Title Determinants of traditional eye practices amongst rural dwellers in the Asikuma Odoben Brakwa District, Ghana
Creator Enimah, Eugene B. Nirghin, Urvashni Boadi-Kusi, Samuel B. Ntodie, Michael
Subject General practice; Primary care; Ophthalmology determinants; self-medication; traditional eye medication; traditional medical practitioners; traditional therapies; eye care
Description Background: In Ghana and other developing countries, people resort to other means of eye care apart from the orthodox treatment given by eye care practitioners.Aim: This study aimed to examine the determinants of traditional eye practices amongst a sample in the Central Region of Ghana.Setting: The study employed a mixed-method convergent parallel study design and adapted the Expanded Programme on Immunization Survey Technique to enrol 191 residents.Methods: A questionnaire and an interview were used to obtain data from the participants. Descriptive statistics were computed along with univariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis to determine associated factors for the use of traditional eye medication (TEM), ophthalmic self-medication and its combination.Results: The study included 191 participants with an age range of 18–79 years. The odds of TEM use were 2.3 times higher in male than female participants (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 2.307, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.219, 4.364, p = 0.01). Other socio-demographic characteristics (age, marital status, occupation and educational status) were not associated with traditional eye practices. The p-value in all these was p  0.05 during the univariant analysis, but age was independently significant during the multivariant statistic (p = 0.041).Conclusion: Gender and age were significantly associated with TEM use. Public education on TEM and ophthalmic self-medication and its consequences should be organised, targeting the natives in the rural communities, by the Ghana Health Service.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2022-03-24
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Mixed-Method Descriptive and Cross-Sectional Study; Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) Survey Sampling Method
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/aveh.v81i1.678
Source African Vision and Eye Health; Vol 81, No 1 (2022); 7 pages 2410-1516 2413-3183
Language eng
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Coverage Africa; Ghana; Central Region; Cape Coast, Breman Asikuma January 2020 - March 2020 Gender; Age; Marital Status; Occupation; Educational Status
Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Eugene . Enimah, Urvashni Nirghini, Samuel B. Boadi-Kusi, Micheal Ntodie