Audiologists’ phenomenographic experiences of professional development during community service in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

South African Journal of Communication Disorders

Field Value
Title Audiologists’ phenomenographic experiences of professional development during community service in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Creator Mbhele, Sphilile Makhoba, Musa
Subject Health Professions Education, Health Policy & Regulation, Healthcare professional development; community service; work-based learning; phenomenography; graduate to professional transition
Description Background: The compulsory community service programme (CSP) was implemented to improve access to healthcare and arguably facilitate the transition of graduates into independent professionals. However, its role and outcomes as a developmental platform for audiology graduates remains unclear and scant in literature.Objective: To explore the qualitative differences in the experiences of professional development among new Audiology graduates during their community service year at their fixed-placements in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.Methods: Within a phenomenographic design and framework, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 purposively sampled Community Service Officers (CSOs) of the year 2017, after obtaining ethical clearance, gatekeeper permission and participant’s consent.Results: The findings were interpreted according to the tenets of phenomenography. An outcome space based on the participants’ reported experiences, revealed three categories of description: transitioning from graduate to professional, learning in the workplace during community service and professional development. The findings reflected that the work environment, supervision, resource allocation, socialisation and infrastructure contributed to qualitatively different developmental experiences of the CSP.Conclusion: The current model of fixed-placement of the CSOs exposes them to qualitatively different developmental experiences, resulting in them attaining different developmental outcomes despite being in the same programme at the same time. Hence, we argue for an urgent CSP review, with the aim of standardising and redefining its intended outcomes and pertinent criteria for the attainment of the independent practitioner status.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor University of KwaZulu Natal reviewed and provided ethical approval
Date 2022-01-21
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Phenomenographic design
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajcd.v69i1.844
Source South African Journal of Communication Disorders; Vol 69, No 1 (2022); 9 pages 2225-4765 0379-8046
Language eng
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Coverage South Africa, KwaZulu Natal Current times (2017 and onwards); Transformation error in the profession. Audiology Community Service officers of 2017, placed in KZN for Community service. Predominantly females, From early to mid 20s.
Rights Copyright (c) 2022 Sphilile Mbhele, Musa Makhoba