Epidemiology and microscopic diagnosis of tuberculosis in pigs and small ruminants slaughtered at Bobo-Dioulasso abattoir, Burkina Faso

Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

Field Value
Title Epidemiology and microscopic diagnosis of tuberculosis in pigs and small ruminants slaughtered at Bobo-Dioulasso abattoir, Burkina Faso
Creator Sanou, Adama Dicko, Amadou Sow, Kadiatou R. Djibougou, Arthur Kabore, Antoinette Diarra, Bassirou Ouedraogo, Arsène K. Zingue, Dezemon Nouctara, Moumini Tarnagda, Zekiba
Subject Epidemiology, microbiology tuberculosis; small ruminants; pigs; routine inspection; Bobo-Dioulasso
Description Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a zoonotic, infectious, chronic and contagious disease, caused by Mycobacterium bovis that mainly affects cattle. This pathology has a negative impact on animals and animal products trade. Unfortunately, in Burkina Faso where agriculture and livestock sectors represent around 80% of the socio-economic activities, the real situation of the disease is not well known especially in small ruminants and swine. Thus, our study focused on both the epidemiology and the microbiological diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in small ruminants and pigs slaughtered at Bobo-Dioulasso abattoir. A prospective study was conducted between August 2017 and December 2017. Epidemiological data collection was performed during routine meat inspection; moreover, samples were taken and transported to the Bacteriology laboratory of Centre Muraz for microbiological analyses. This diagnosis consisted in search of Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) using the hot Ziehl–Neelsen staining. Out of a total of 14 648 small ruminants and 2430 pigs slaughtered during the study period, 156 and 17 had lesions suggestive of bTB with prevalence of 1.07% and 0.7%, respectively. Females and those between 2 and 4 years old were mainly infected. The most affected organs were: lungs, liver, spleen and lymph nodes. Finally, microscopy revealed 43.35% (75/173) of positive cases for AFB. These results confirm the presence of bTB in small ruminants and pigs in Burkina Faso. Efforts must still be made in the fight against this zoonosis in order to limit its economic and public health impacts.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Centre MURAZ
Date 2021-12-03
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Peer-reviewed Article Survey
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ojvr.v88i1.1908
Source Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research; Vol 88, No 1 (2021); 6 pages 2219-0635 0030-2465
Language eng
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https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1908/2310 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1908/2311 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1908/2312 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1908/2313
Coverage Bobo Dioulosso, Burkina Faso — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Adama Sanou, Amadou Dicko, KADIATOU SOW, Arthur Djibougou, Antoinette Kabore, Bassirou Diarra, Arsène Kiswindsida Ouedraogo, Dezemon Zingue, Moumini Nouctara, Zekiba Tarnagda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0