The spread and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus in South African dairy herds – A review

Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

Field Value
Title The spread and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus in South African dairy herds – A review
Creator Karzis, Joanne Petzer, Inge-Marie Naidoo, Vinny Donkin, Edward F.
Subject — mastitis; economic loss; dairy; cattle; antibiotic; resistance
Description Staphylococcus aureus is internationally recognised as a principal agent of mastitis and the foremost reason for economic loss in the dairy industry. The limited data available on organism-specific antibiotic resistance surveillance in dairy cattle have stimulated the need for such a review article. The objective of this study was to review relevant literature on antimicrobial resistance of mastitis-causing staphylococci isolated from dairy cows in South Africa compared to other countries. Factors relating to the incidence of mastitis and treatment strategies in terms of the One Health concept and food security were included. The Web of Science (all databases) and relevant websites were used, and articles not written in English were excluded. The incidence of mastitis varied between South Africa and other countries. Antimicrobial resistance patterns caused by S. aureus also varied in regions within Southern Africa and those of other countries although some similarities were shown. Antimicrobial resistance differed between S. aureus bacteria that were maltose positive and negative (an emerging pathogen). The results highlighted the importance of the availability of organism-specific surveillance data of the incidence of mastitis and antibiotic resistance for specific countries and within similar climatic conditions. Accurate knowledge about whether a specific pathogen is resistant to an antibiotic within a certain climate, country, area or farm should reduce the incidence of unnecessary or incorrect treatment with antibiotics. This should enable dairy farmers to deal with these organisms in a more effective manner. Therefore such research should be ongoing.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2021-10-26
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ojvr.v88i1.1937
Source Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research; Vol 88, No 1 (2021); 10 pages 2219-0635 0030-2465
Language eng
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Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Joanne Karzis