Theoretical understanding of contextual motivations for sustained adolescent marijuana use in South Africa

South African Journal of Psychiatry


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Theoretical understanding of contextual motivations for sustained adolescent marijuana use in South Africa
 
Creator Manu, Emmanuel Douglas, Mbuyiselo Ntsaba, Mohlomi J.
 
Subject Psychiatry; Public Health motivation; marijuana use; adolescence; vulnerable populations; substance abuse
Description Background: Although various reasons for adolescent marijuana use have extensively been explored, contextual factors that sustain the practice in settings where the plant is illegally cultivated, especially in South Africa, remain a grey area.Aim: We aimed to explore the contextual factors of sustained adolescent marijuana use in two illicit marijuana-growing settings of the Ingquza Hill Local Municipality of South Africa, based on the differential opportunity theory (DOT) and subcultural theory (SCT).Setting: The study was conducted in two illicit marijuana-growing communities in the Ingquza Hill Local Municipality of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.Methods: Exploratory qualitative research, using focus group discussions approach, was conducted amongst 37 participants, four focus groups and in two communities in the Ingquza Hill Municipality of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to select the communities and participants, respectively. The data were analysed using a thematic content analysis approach and presented under various themes.Results: Nine themes, grouped under two broad factors, DOT influences (availability and affordability of marijuana, idleness and means of dealing with personal problems) and SCT influences (peer conformity, the pleasure derived from marijuana smoking, manipulation of appetite, health reasons, for higher cognitive function and addiction), emerged from the analysis.Conclusion: As marijuana has been identified to be a gateway drug for the use of other illicit drugs, its sustained usage amongst adolescents poses a health challenge to the user, community and the country’s healthcare system at large. Hence, there is the need to intensify adolescent marijuana use prevention campaigns in illicit marijuana-growing contexts of South Africa, focussing on the differential opportunities and subcultural inclinations that promote the behaviour in those contexts.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor Postgraduate Research Unit of Walter Sisulu University
Date 2021-07-29
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Qualitative research
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v27i0.1615
 
Source South African Journal of Psychiatry; Vol 27 (2021); 10 pages 2078-6786 1608-9685
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1615/2242 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1615/2243 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1615/2244 https://sajp.org.za/index.php/sajp/article/view/1615/2245
 
Coverage Africa; South Africa — Adolescents
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Emmanuel Manu, Mbuyiselo Douglas, Mohlomi J. Ntsaba https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0