Incidence of cardiometabolic diseases in a Lesotho HIV cohort: Evidence for policy decision-making

Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine

Field Value
Title Incidence of cardiometabolic diseases in a Lesotho HIV cohort: Evidence for policy decision-making
Creator Sebilo, Motlalepula Ledibane, Neo R.T. Takuva, Simbarashe
Subject Clinical epidemiology AIDS; antiretroviral treatment; cardiometabolic disease; HIV; incidence rate; Lesotho
Description Background: Antiretroviral treatment (ART) has been associated with the development of certain cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs). The burden of CMDs amongst ART-experienced patients in sub-Saharan Africa was unknown.Objective: We quantified the burden of CMDs and identified the associated risk factors in a large treatment cohort on ART at a high-volume facility in Lesotho.Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we extracted data from the daily dispensing electronic system and routine clinical records of 785 adults on ART between 2011 and 2015 in Maseru, Lesotho. CMD was defined as a diagnosis of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or dyslipidaemia (singly or collectively). Descriptive statistics were used to describe the disease burden; Kaplan–Meier curves and cause-specific Cox proportional hazards models were fitted to examine the impact of the ART regimen and identify the risk factors associated with the occurrence of CMD.Results: Of the 785 participants, 473 (60%) were women. The median age of the group was 42 years, interquartile range (IQR), 36–51 years. The overall incidence of CMD was 5.6 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.4–7.1) per 100 person-months of follow-up. The median time to onset of CMD was 16.6 months (IQR = 7.4–23.4). ART was not associated with the occurrence of CMD (cause-specific hazard ratio [CHR] = 1.55; 95% CI = 0.14–16.85; P = 0.72). Higher body mass index (BMI) was associated with the occurrence of diabetes mellitus (CHR = 1.19; 95% CI = 1.14–1.38; P = 0.026).Conclusion: The incidence of CMD in this relatively young patient population is low yet noteworthy. We recommend that patients living with HIV and AIDS should be routinely screened for CMD. Higher BMI is generally associated with the occurrence of CMD.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor University of Pretoria
Date 2021-06-28
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Retrospective cohort design
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajhivmed.v22i1.1246
Source Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine; Vol 22, No 1 (2021); 7 pages 2078-6751 1608-9693
Language eng
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Coverage Southern Africa 6 months of ART initiation Adults aged 18 years and above
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Motlalepula Sebilo, Neo R.T. Ledibane, Simbarashe Takuva