Case report: Control of intestinal nematodes in captive Chlorocebus sabaeus

Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research

Field Value
Title Case report: Control of intestinal nematodes in captive Chlorocebus sabaeus
Creator Cruz, Katalina Corey, Tatiana M. Vandenplas, Michel Trelis, María Osuna, Antonio Kelly, Patrick J.
Subject Parasitology; Treatment efficacy; Captive; Primatology; Helminthology Capillaria; Trichuris; hookworm; Trichostrongylus; Strongyloides; albendazole; ivermectin; captive; African green monkeys
Description There are limited data on the efficacy of antiparasitic treatments and husbandry methods to control nematode infections in captive populations of African green monkeys (AGMs), Chlorocebus sabaeus. In faecal egg count (FEC) tests, 10 of the 11 (91%) adult male AGMs captured from the large feral population on the island of St Kitts had evidence of nematode infections, mostly Capillaria (8/11, 73%), Trichuris trichiura (7/11, 64%) and strongylid species (7/11, 64%) specifically (hookworm and Trichostrongylus, 50/50), but also Strongyloides fuelleborni (1/11, 9%). When kept in individual cages with cleaning and feeding regimens to prevent reinfections and treated concurrently with ivermectin (300 µg/kg, given subcutaneously) and albendazole (10 mg/kg, given orally) daily for 3 days, 60% (6/10) of the AGMs were negative at a follow-up FEC at 3 months and by FEC and necropsy at the end of the study 5–8 months later. One monkey appeared to have been reinfected with T. trichiura after being negative by FEC at 3 months post-treatment. Four AGMs were positive for T. trichiura at the 3 month FEC follow-up but were negative at the end of the study after one further treatment regimen. Although initially being cleared of Capillaria following treatment, three AGMs were found to be infected at the end of the study. The ivermectin and albendazole treatment regimen coupled with good husbandry practices to prevent reinfections effectively controlled nematode infections in captive AGMs.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine via the Once Health Center for Zoonoses and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, SKBRF and Virscio, Monica Gozalbo Monfort and Shamara Welcome
Date 2021-05-28
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Case Report
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ojvr.v88i1.1903
Source Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research; Vol 88, No 1 (2021); 5 pages 2219-0635 0030-2465
Language eng
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Coverage Caribbean — African green monkey; captive
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Katalina Cruz, Tatiana M. Corey, Michel Vandenplas, María Trelis, Antonio Osuna, Patrick J. Kelly