The application of geographic information system as an intelligent system towards emergency responses in road traffic accident in Ibadan

Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management

Field Value
Title The application of geographic information system as an intelligent system towards emergency responses in road traffic accident in Ibadan
Creator Audu, Akeem A. Iyiola, Olufemi F. Popoola, Ayobami A. Adeleye, Bamiji M. Medayese, Samuel Mosima, Choene Blamah, Nunyi
Subject urban planning; risk managemet; disaster planning; emergency and response studies;commercial management; safety and risk studies; human livelihood black-spots; emergency; responders; traffic-data; network-analyst
Description Background: The high influx of private and public vehicles within global cities (including Ibadan) has resulted in traffic congestion within the city centre. Ibadan North-East, an urban local government area (LGA) within the metropolitan land area of Ibadan, has been experiencing automobile accidents and traffic congestion which in turn limits emergency responders.Objectives: The broad objective of the study was to develop a digital road network database for emergency response to road traffic accident, Ibadan North East, Nigeria.Methods: This study made use of primary and secondary data to generate spatial and non-spatial data. ArcGIS 10.3 was used to create the database, analyse data and display the results. Spatial search and network analysis were carried out using a kernel density estimated tool to generate a black-spot area within Ibadan North-East. Dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm in the ArcGIS Network Analysis was utilised to identify the closest health facility to the road traffic crash scene.Results: The most cost-effective haven introduced route impedance and is defined as the best route. Study findings show that dynamic distance varies from the best route to an alternative route. Also, kernel density estimation reveals that crashes widely occur in the northeastern and southwestern parts of Ibadan North-East (Iwo Road and Orita-Aperin). Incorporating live traffic data using GPS technology and traffic cameras was identified to enhance road traffic data documentation and safety.Conclusion: The study identifies GIS as a decision support system that is useful in the area of planning, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery for decision-making in road traffic-related emergency management and emergency planning services in Ibadan.
Publisher AOSIS
Contributor Mr A. Oduyemi, Federal School of Survey, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria Mr Aweda, Federal School of Survey, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria
Date 2021-03-04
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Geographical Information System
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/jtscm.v15i0.546
Source Journal of Transport and Supply Chain Management; Vol 15 (2021); 17 pages 1995-5235 2310-8789
Language eng
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Coverage Ibadan; Nigeria; Africa Global; Africa; Nigeria; Ibadan Human
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Akeem Abiodun Audu, O Felix Iyiola, Ayobami Abayomi Popoola, Bamiji Michael Adeleye