Identifying hearing impairment and the associated impact on the quality of life among the elderly residing in retirement homes in Pretoria, South Africa

South African Journal of Communication Disorders


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Identifying hearing impairment and the associated impact on the quality of life among the elderly residing in retirement homes in Pretoria, South Africa
 
Creator Govender, Samantha M. de Jongh, Marguerite
 
Subject Audiology hearing impairment; retirement homes; presbycusis; pure tone audiometry (Pta); distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs); quality of life.
Description Background: Age-Related Hearing Loss (ARHL) is the most widespread sensory disorder in the elderly. Poor audiological support within retirement homes is one of the fundamental issues impacting the Quality of Life (QoL).Objectives: The objectives of this study were to: (1) Identify the presence of hearing impairment through a hearing screening test battery in a sample of elderly participants residing in three retirement homes. (2) Determine the psychological, communication-related and social impact of the hearing impairment on the QoL in a sample of elderly participants residing in retirement homes.Method: A prospective cross-sectional research design with quantitative methods of data analysis was used to obtain data from 70 elderly participants (mean age = 79 years, 79% were female). Ten of them used hearing aids. Hearing screening was conducted using otoscopy, tympanometry and air conduction screening (500 Hz–4 kHz). The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQoL) questionnaire was adapted and utilised for the present study.Results: Findings revealed that 77% of the sample obtained a refer result from the hearing screening protocol indicating a high presence of hearing impairment. Twenty-nine per cent (n = 16) of the participants felt depressed, worried and anxious because of their hearing loss and 20% of participants felt unaccepted by their significant others as a result of their hearing impairment. Hearing difficulties were significantly associated with a reduced QoL (p = 0.045). Eight of the 10 participants who wore hearing aids reported an overall improvement in QoL since receiving and utilising their hearing aids and 20% (n = 2) of hearing aid users reported challenges with maintaining their hearing aids.Conclusion: The findings of this study emphasised the need for an increased role for audiological services provided by audiologists within retirement homes, thereby contributing to an improved QoL.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor
Date 2021-03-01
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajcd.v68i1.788
 
Source South African Journal of Communication Disorders; Vol 68, No 1 (2021); 9 pages 2225-4765 0379-8046
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sajcd.org.za/index.php/sajcd/article/view/788/1445 https://sajcd.org.za/index.php/sajcd/article/view/788/1444 https://sajcd.org.za/index.php/sajcd/article/view/788/1446 https://sajcd.org.za/index.php/sajcd/article/view/788/1443
 
Coverage — — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Samantha M. Govender, Marguerite de Jongh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0