Administering human immunodeficiency virus post-exposure prophylaxis: challenges experienced by mothers in Lusaka, Zambia

Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Administering human immunodeficiency virus post-exposure prophylaxis: challenges experienced by mothers in Lusaka, Zambia
 
Creator Lusaka, Mildred Crowley, Talitha
 
Subject Nursing; Primary Health Care mother-to-child transmission of HIV; post-exposure prophylaxis; prevention of mother-to-child-transmission of HIV; challenges
Description Background: Mothers living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) should be guided to practise safe childbirth, provide appropriate infant feeding, return infants for repeat HIV testing and administer for the required period, protective antiretroviral (ARV) medication (post-exposure prophylaxis [PEP]) to their infants. Although several studies have explored challenges related to the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), no studies were found that focused specifically on the mother and PEP.Objectives: To explore and understand the challenges experienced by mothers in Lusaka, Zambia, whilst providing their children with PEP.Methods: This study utilised a qualitative methodology and a descriptive design. Fifteen semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with mothers who gave PEP to their infants. Study evaluation made use of Creswell’s six steps of data analysis.Results: Women experienced numerous challenges. Challenges of an individual and social nature included ‘negative’ emotions, misconceptions and a lack of understanding of PEP. Post-exposure prophylaxis was sometimes burdensome and partner involvement often limited. Cultural, religious practices and stigma deterred some women from continuing PEP. Healthcare challenges included time-consuming appointments and protracted waiting periods. Clinic organisation was often inefficient and complicated by stock-outs of essential medication such as nevirapine. Healthcare workers were at times stigmatising towards mothers living with HIV and their infants. The counselling support provided by the healthcare workers was felt to be inadequate in the face of the burden of PEP.Conclusion: Post-exposure prophylaxis as part of the PMTCT programme is key to eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Postnatal support for women administering PEP to their children can be enhanced through counselling that is person- and family-centred is culturally sensitive and offers differentiated services that include PEP, integrated mother-and-child healthcare and access to support groups.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor N/A
Date 2021-01-27
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Qualitative research
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajhivmed.v22i1.1183
 
Source Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine; Vol 22, No 1 (2021); 6 pages 2078-6751 1608-9693
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/article/view/1183/2201 https://sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/article/view/1183/2200 https://sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/article/view/1183/2202 https://sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/article/view/1183/2199
 
Coverage Lusaka, Zambia Postnatal Care Women living with HIV in the postnatal period
Rights Copyright (c) 2021 Mildred Lusaka, Talitha Crowley https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0