Detection of peste des petits ruminants virus in pneumonic lungs from apparently healthy sheep and goats slaughtered at Al-Hasaheisa slaughterhouse, Gezira state, central Sudan

Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Detection of peste des petits ruminants virus in pneumonic lungs from apparently healthy sheep and goats slaughtered at Al-Hasaheisa slaughterhouse, Gezira state, central Sudan
 
Creator Alhussain, Alaa E.M. Abdalla, Nahid A.S. Mohammed, Sana I. Hakeem, Mihad Ahmed, Ihsan H. Osman, Nussieba A.
 
Subject Mivrobiology; Virology; Viral Disease peste des petits ruminants; PPRV; Sudan; sheep; goats; pneumonic lungs; haemagglutination test
Description The study aimed to investigate the presence of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in pneumonic lung tissues from clinically apparently healthy sheep and goats and further demonstrating its prevalence in Gezira state, central Sudan. During March 2019, 99 pneumonic lung samples were collected from apparently healthy sheep (80) and goats (19) from Al-Hasaheisa slaughterhouse located in Al-Hasaheisa locality, Gezira state. Using the haemagglutination (HA) test for the detection of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) antigen, an overall antigenic prevalence of 86.9% was demonstrated in sheep and goats lung tissue homogenate. Of note, the prevalence of PPRV is higher in goats (100%) compared to sheep (83.7%). In this study, the reported increasing prevalence of PPR in central Sudan might be because of insufficient vaccination of animals. The findings of the present study indicated the widespread of PPR amongst sheep and goats in Al-Hasaheisa, Gezira state. Detection of PPRV antigen in the pneumonic lung samples is an indication of exposure of these animals to PPRV or presence of PPR viral infection and demonstrates the role of PPR as the cause of pneumonia in small ruminants. In fact, the circulation of the virus in clinically apparently healthy animals poses a threat for other in-contact susceptible animals and could play a significant role in the spread of the disease.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor The research in this study was funded by a research project for Nussieba A. Osman from the Republic of the Sudan, Sudanese Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Commission of Scientific Research and Innovation (Grant No. 2017/972)
Date 2020-12-17
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Survey
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ojvr.v87i1.1892
 
Source Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research; Vol 87, No 1 (2020); 6 pages 2219-0635 0030-2465
 
Language eng
 
Relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/000972 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1892/2179 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1892/2178 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1892/2180 https://ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/1892/2177
 
Coverage Sudan - -
Rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess Copyright (c) 2020 Nussieba A. Osman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0