Depression, sleep quality and condom use amongst Iranian people living with human immunodeficiency virus

Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine


 
 
Field Value
 
Title Depression, sleep quality and condom use amongst Iranian people living with human immunodeficiency virus
 
Creator Mahboobi, Marzieh Najafi, Arezu Nakhostin-Ansari, Amin Afsar Kazerooni, Parvin Bazargani, Matin Navaiian, Fatemeh Akbarpour, Samaneh
 
Subject — Depression; condom use; HIV; Iran; sleep
Description Background: Depression is a common mood disorder in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH) and is associated with risk-taking sexual behaviour.Objectives: This study examines depression, sleep quality and condom usage amongst PLWH in Tehran, Iran.Method: This cross-sectional study was undertaken between October and November 2019 on 298 PLWH referred to voluntary counselling and testing centres (VCTs) in Tehran. Participants provided information as per the following questionnaires: the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Questionnaire and a demographic questionnaire that evaluated condom use.Results: A total of 298 PLWH, of whom 202 (67.8%) were men with a mean age of 39.81 years, were enrolled in the study. The DASS classified 57% with depression. Fewer than 20% of these used condoms regularly. The majority of depressed patients were men (68.6%) and 31.4% were women. The depressed patients were more likely not to use condoms than those who were not depressed (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 6.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.70–11.42). The adjusted OR for not using a condom amongst the depressed was 7.12 times greater (95% CI, 5.85–10.11) than in those without depression.Conclusion: Our findings suggest that depression is common amongst PLWH in Tehran and is associated with risk-taking sexual behaviour. Appropriate interventions are needed to address mental disorders in PLWH. It is recommended that patients be screened regularly for symptoms of depression and, where indicated, counselled and managed.
 
Publisher AOSIS
 
Contributor
Date 2020-12-15
 
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — —
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/sajhivmed.v21i1.1150
 
Source Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine; Vol 21, No 1 (2020); 5 pages 2078-6751 1608-9693
 
Language eng
 
Relation https://sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/article/view/1150/2162 https://sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/article/view/1150/2161 https://sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/article/view/1150/2163 https://sajhivmed.org.za/index.php/hivmed/article/view/1150/2160
 
Coverage — — —
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Marzieh Mahboobi, Arezu Najafi, Amin Nakhostin-Ansari, Parvin Afsar Kazerooni, Matin Bazargani, Fatemeh Navaiian, Samaneh Akbarpour https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0