Motor skill intervention for pre-school children: A scoping review

African Journal of Disability

Field Value
Title Motor skill intervention for pre-school children: A scoping review
Creator van der Walt, Janke Plastow, Nicola A. Unger, Marianne
Subject Child care; physical and occupational therapy; pre-school education; rural health motor skill difficulties; intervention methods; pre-school children; low socio-economic area; framework; scoping review
Description Background: There is a high prevalence of motor skill difficulties amongst pre-school children living in low socio-economic areas. Motor skill impairment can affect these children’s school readiness and academic progress, social skills, play and general independence.Objectives: This scoping review investigates the key elements of existing motor skill interventions for pre-school children.Method: We gathered information through structured database searches from Cinahl, Eric, PubMed, Cochrane, ProQuest, Psych Net, PEDro and Scopus, using a keyword string. The PRISMA-SCR design was used to identify 45 eligible studies. All included studies investigated a motor skill intervention with well-defined outcome measures for children aged 4–7 years with motor skill difficulties. Studies that exclusively focused on children with neurological conditions such as cerebral palsy, physical disabilities or medical/physical deteriorating conditions were excluded. Information was charted on MS Excel spreadsheets. Fundamental concepts were categorised into common key themes and were converted into a proposed framework.Results: Fifteen intervention approaches were identified. Treatment is mostly managed by occupational therapists and physiotherapists. Evidence supports individual and group treatment with a child-centred, playful approach in a school or therapeutic setting. Whilst session information varied, there is moderate evidence to suggest that a 15-week programme, with two weekly sessions, may be feasible.Conclusion: Children with motor skill difficulties need therapeutic intervention. This study identified the key elements of existing therapy intervention methods and converted it into a proposed framework for intervention planning. It is a first step towards addressing motor skill difficulties amongst pre-school children in low socio-economic areas.
Publisher AOSIS
Date 2020-12-10
Type info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion — Scoping Review
Format text/html application/epub+zip text/xml application/pdf application/pdf application/pdf
Identifier 10.4102/ajod.v9i0.747
Source African Journal of Disability; Vol 9 (2020); 8 pages 2226-7220 2223-9170
Language eng
Coverage Non-specific 1998 - March 2019 Pre-school children (4 - 6)
Rights Copyright (c) 2020 Janke van der Walt, Nicola A. Plastow, Marianne Unger